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Sociology Ch. 3: Socialization and Social Interaction

Terms in this set (75)

Lawrence Kohlberg, Carol Gilligan: Children develop their ability to think and act morally through several stages. If they fail to reach the conventional stage, in which adolescents realize that their parents and society have rules that should be followed because they are morally right to follow, they might well engage in harmful behavior. Whereas boys tend to use formal rules to decide what is right or wrong, she wrote, girls tend to take personal relationships into account. Carol Gilligan's research demonstrated that sociological factors help explain differences in the sense of self that boys and girls usually develop.
Parents and teachers pass on different cultural standards to boys and girls.
Much research shows that girls develop lower self-esteem than boys.
She was interested by why at the age of 10, a lot of girls that collective generalized other. But not boys. And boys suppressed collective generalized other. She argued the development of boys and girls are different bc of the gender socialization they experience.
Kohlberg: He argues that most people dnt reach post conventional morality, they get stuck at the conventional morality.
Pre-conventional—kids get punished if they do wrong
Conventional morality—taking on responsibility. College students take responsibility of grades and everything.
Post-conventional morality—being to recognize that laws and rules and opinions of others dnt really matter. High order of molarity is what matters, and what guides your decisions.
The higher we see education go, we can generally hope that after graduation we hit post conventional morality...having a more critical thought process. Very correlated with education