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33 terms

Plants Mahoney

vocabulary for plant unit
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monocot
A seed with one cotyledon (food source)
dicot
A seed with two cotyledons (food sources)
transpiration
The loss of water through a plants leaves.
fertilization
The joining of pollen with an egg cell.
glucose
The sugary food produced by plants during photosynthesis.
chlorophyll
The green pigment used to capture light energy from the sun during photosynthesis.
photosynthesis
The process of plant capturing light energy to make food: Carbon Dioxide + Water and Sunlight = Oxygen and Glucose.
self-pollination
The transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structure to the female reproductive structure on the same plant or flower.
cross-pollination
The transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structure to the female reproductive structure on a different plant or flower.
evergreen
A tree that does not lose its leaves in the winter, and stays green all year round.
conifer
Evergreen trees that produce seeds in cones.
deciduous
Trees which lose their leaves every year.
stamen
The male reproductive structure of a flower
pistil
The female reproductive structure of a flower
stem
Provides support and transports nutrients
roots
Act as an anchor, absorbs nutrients, and stores nutrients
leaf
Absorb sunlight for photosynthesis
sepal
Protects the bud
flower
Used by plants for reproduction
petal
Attracts insects and animals
stoma
The opening for CO2 to enter
seed coat
The protective covering of a seed
embryo
The young plant contained in a seed
cotyledon
The primary source of food for the embryo of seed plants
oxygen
plants provide this for humans to breathe
pollination
the transfer of pollen from one flower to another
seedling
a young plant
carbon dioxide
plants use this to breathe
germinate
when a small plant breaks out of its seed coat and begins to grow
thigmotropism
a plant's growth toward touch
phototropism
when a plant grows toward light
geotropism
when a plant grows toward gravity
hydrotropism
when a plant grows toward water