5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- surface wave
- s wave
- foot wall
- a a large area of flat land elevated high above sea level
- b the rock on a normal fault that lies below.
- c A type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or side to side.
- d stress force that pulls on the crust stretching rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle.
- e a type of seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves reach Earth's surface
5 Multiple choice questions
- developed to rate earthquakes according to the level of damage at a given place.
- a fold in rock that bends downward to form a valley
- the fault is at an angle so one block of rock lies above the fault while the other block lies below the fault.
- building designed to reduce the amount of energy that reaches the building during an earthquake.
- a force that acts on rock to change its shape and volume.
5 True/False questions
anticline → a fold in rock that bends downward to form a valley
compression → stress force that pulls on the crust stretching rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle.
tsunami → water displaced by an earthquake grows into a mountain of water as it approaches shallow
strike-slip fault → rocks on either side of the fault slip past each other sideways, with little up or down motion
shearing → stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions