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AP Vocab Week 1

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Alliteration
the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in tow or more nighboring words or syllables
syllogism
a deductive sheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and minor premise and conclusion
cause-and-effect argument
explain the reasons or results of an event, idea, or situation
process analysis
a method of paragraph or essay development by which a writer explains step by step how something is done or how to do something
definition
a statement of the meaning of a word or word group or a sign or symbol
comparison
the representing of one thing or person as similar to or like another
anadiplosis
repetition of a prominent and usually the last word in one phrase or clause at the beginning of the next
anaphora
repetition of a word or epression at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses esp. for rhetorical or poetic effect
paretnthesis
an amplifying or explanatory word, phrase, or sentence inserted in a passage from which is usually set off by punctuation
asyndeton
a writing style that omits conjunctures between words, pharses , or clauses
ellipsis
the omission of one or more words that are obviously understood but must be supplied to make a construction gramatically complete
metonymy
a figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated
metaphor
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest likeness or analogy between them
onomatopoeia
the naming of a thing or action by vocal imitation of the sound associated with it
oxymoron
a combination of contradictory or incongruous words
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
allusion
an impilied or indirect reference especially in literature
paradox
a statement tha tis seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true
qualifying
to reduce from a general to a particular or restricted form
antithesis
the rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences