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105 terms

Chpt 10 Nervous System and Chpt 16 Skin

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part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance
cerebellum
myoneural pertains to...?
muscles and nerves
acetylcholine is a ... ?
neurotransmitter
part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impluse is the
dendrite
elevated portions of the cerebral cortex are called
Gyri
causalgia
burning sensation of pain
a network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system
Plexus
portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, and boyd temp
Hypothalamus
glial cells
Astrocytes
space between nerve cells is called the
synapse
part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and size of blood vessels
medulla oblongata
inability to speak
aphasia "no speech" -phasia = speech
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord
Cauda equina
x-ray record of the spinal cord
myelogram
collection of blood within the meningeal layers
subdural hematoma
abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling (pins and needles)
paresthesia
inflammation of a sinal nerve root
radiculitis
a highly malignant brain tumor
glioblastoma
paralysis of four extremities
Quadraplegia
cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhage can be the cause of
cerebrovascular accident (STROKE)
fainting
syncope
spina bifida is associated with
meningomyelocele (mening/o, myel/o, cele)
shuffling gait is a symptom of _____ disease?
Parkinson Disease
disorder of reading, writing, and learning is
dyslexia
condition of NO nervous sensation
anesthesia (no pain, no feelings at all)
three protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord
meninges
microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell
axon
a large interlacing network of nerves
plexus (plexuses)
branching fiber that is the FIRST part of a neuron to receive a nervous impulse
dendrite
protective fatty tissue that surrounds the axon of a nerve cell
myelin sheath
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord
cauda equina
glial cell that produces myelin
oligodendroglia (scanty dendrites)
outer region of the largest part of the brain; composed of gray matter
cerebral cortex
the _____ _____ nerve carries messages TOWARD the brain FROM receptors
sensory nerve
essential cell of the nervous system; a neuron
parenchymal cell
innermost meningeal membrane
pia mater
elevations in the cerebral cortex
gyri
acetylcholine is an example of this chemical released into a synapse
neurotransmitter
the _____ _____ contains cerebrospinal fluid
subarachnoid space
slow movement
bradykinesia (kinesia = movement, brady = slow)
increased nervous sensation
hyperesthesia
seizure of sleep
narcolepsy
movements and behavior are not purposeful
apraxia
fainting
syncope
burning pain
causalgia
no coordination
ataxia (if you stumble, call a taxi)haha
slight paralysis in half the body
hemiparesis
destruction of myelin sheath; replacement by plaques of hard scar tissue
multiple sclerosis
sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures
Epilepsy
loss of muscle strength, breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter
myasthenia gravis
degeneration of nerves in the brain leading to tremors, shuffling gait, and muscle stiffness - dopamine is deficient in the brain
Parkinson disease
deteoriation of mental capacity (dementia), cerebral cortex atrophy, microscopic neurofibrillary tangles
Alzheimer disease
Unilateral facial paralysis
palsy (Bell Palsy)
relieving but not curing
pallative
peculiar symptoms appearing before more definite symptoms
aura
malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells
glioblastoma multiforme
interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum
transient ischemic attack
minor form of epileptic seizure
absence seizure
blockage
occlusion
neurotransmitter (type of)
dopamine
1) A type of epithelial cell in the epidermis is a ...?
squamous cell
2) dermis is the ...?
middle layer of skin
3) a hard protein material found in the epidermis
keratin
4) structural protein found in skin and connective tissues
collagen
5) Xer/o
dry
6) pertaining to "under a nail"
subungual
7) what is the combining form meaning "skin"
cutane/o
8) Absence of pigment in skin
Albinism
9) Inflammation of the soft tissue around a nail
paronychia (for some reason this is not an -itis) but do remember that this inflammation is ParonyCHIA
10) profuse sweating
diaphoresis
11) fungal infection
trichomycosis (myco = fungus)
12) fatty mass within a sebaceous gland
steatoma (steat/o = fatty, -oma = tumor/mass)
13) a wheal is a/an:
hive
14) bullae
large blisters
15) pustule
small abscess
16) itching
pruritus - note the spelling "U" at the end.
17) keloid
thickened scar
18) inflammatory disease of the joints and collagen of the skin; can affect other organs of the body
systemic lupus erythematosus
19) moles that can develop into malignant melanoma
dysplastic nevi (oddly shaped moles that morph or change colors)
20) bed sore; break in continuity of skin
decubitus ulcer
21) chronic recurrent dermatosis with silvery gray scales covering red patches in skin
psoriasis
22) a dermatomycosis
tinea (ringworm) fungal infection. myco - fungus.
23) white patches of a nucous membrane of tongue or cheek
leukoplakia
24) connective tissue in the skin hardens
scleroderma
25) layers of growth are removed and examined microscopically in a procedure called...?
Mohs surgery
26) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- circumscribed collection of clear fluid (blister)
vesicle
27) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- smooth, slightly elevated edematous area (hive)
wheal
wheal
macule
29) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- groove or crack-like sore
fissure
30) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- mushroom-like growth extending from the surface of a mucous membrane
polyp
31) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- circumscribed collection of pus
pustule
32) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- closed sac containing fluid or semi-solid material
32) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- closed sac containing fluid or semi-solid material
33) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- open sore or erosion of skin
ulcer
34) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- solid elevation of the skin (pimple)
papule
35) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- larger than 1 cm solid elevation of the skin
nodule
36) Name the Skin Condition! -- build up of sebum and keratin in pores of the skin leading to papular and pustular eruptions
acne
37) Name the Skin Condition! -- fungal skin infection
tinea (ringworm) is a fungual infection
38) Name the Skin Condition! -- chronic hardening and shrinking of connective tissue
scleroderma
39) Name the Skin Condition! -- bedsore
decubitis ulcer
40) Name the Skin Condition! -- necrosis of skin tissue resulting from ischemia
gangrene
41) Name That Skin Conditon! -- contagious, infectious pyoderma
impetigo
42) Name the Skin Condition! -- chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by silvery gray scales covering red patches on the skin
psoriasis
43) Name the Skin Condition! -- cancerous tumor composed of melanocytes
malignant melanoma
44) Name the Skin Condition! -- widespread inflammatory disease of joints and collagen of the skin with "butterfly" rash on the face
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
45) Name the Skin Condition! -- chronic or acute inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, pustular, or papular lesions
eczema