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Chapter 13 Section 1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdom
Terms in this set (33)
Medieval period lasting from 500-1500 after the decline of the Roman empire
Roman province now called France and Switzerland
Powerful Germanic people lead by Clovis
Brought Christianity to the region of Gaul
Urged Clovis (Husband) to convert to Christianity
Devoted men in serving God
Where nuns lived
Wrote practical set of rules for monasteries
Sister of Benedict; practiced the rules for nuns/women
Wrote about the history of England
power involved with politics; worldly, non-religious
Powerful person in Frankish Kingdom. Ruled like a king but wasn't officially a king. Gave polices and led armies but had charge of royal possesions
Mayor of the palace
Battle of Tours
Defeat of the Muslim raiders in 732 (Southern France)
Pepin the Short
Fought Lombards and was Martel's son. Appointed by Pope the "Grace of God"
Germanic tribes who invaded Italy
Ruling of the Franks from 751 to 787 (Charlemagne)
Pepin's son that ruled the Frankish kingdom. Continued to unite and conquer Germanic tribes.
Charlemagne's secretary that wrote about Charles's achievements
Crowned Charles the "Roman Emperor" who admired his fight against Rome
Louis the Pious
Ineffective emperor. Successor of Charlemagne (Only son) that had 3 sons who fought for throne.
Treaty of Verdun
Signed that the 3 sons split the Frankish kingdom among each other Charles the Bald
Louis the German
What were the 3 historical roots of the Middle Ages?
Classical heritage of Rome
Beliefs in Roman Catholic church
Customs of various Germanic tribes
How did the Germanic invasions change Western Europe?
Altered economy, government, and culture
Business and trade collapsed. Money was scarce
Cities were abandoned and retreated to rural
No central authority
Decline in learning
No common language between empires
What caused the decline of learning and why?
Families moved into rural areas for survival
What common language was lost and why?
Latin because of the mixture of German-speaking people.
New languages was developed based on latin
Germanic Government was based on?
Germanic chief that lead a band of warriors.
Strong personal ties among the people
Who is Charlemagne?
United Western Europe
Crowned "Roman emperor" after listening to the pope
What were Charles's greatest achievements?
Ordered monasteries to open schools
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 13 Section 2 Feudalism
Chapter 13 Section 3 Age of Chivalry
Chapter 14 Section 3 England and France Develop
Chapter 13 Section 4 Power of the Church
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