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what is the oral hygeine for the young infant?
sips of clear water, wiping and massaging infants gums.
Rule of the thumb about the revolution of early speech?
number of words in a response corresponds with there age
knowledge structure that allows a child to mentally organize ways to behave in there immediate enviroment.
preoperational thought stage?
period of early childhood when the child focuses on the use of language as a tool to meet there needs
The infant produces this substance which decreases surface tension within the alveoli and permits inflation.
what is the criteria used in apgar scoring?
HR, respiratory, muscle tone, reflex irritability, skin color
what are the characteristics of normal amniotic fluid?
pale straw colored, lanugo, watery, no strong odor, 400 ml, at 20 weeks, 1000ml at 36-38 weeks
What should you suction first when using the bulb syringe?
mouth at the corners. nasal passages one nostril at a time
How often should you clense the penis after a gomco or morgan clamped circumcision?
q 4hrs with warm water apply petroleum jelly gauze
increased pogmentation in the lumbar dorsal area bluish black in color and more common in dark skinned people
port wine stain, often seen on the face. angioma requires medical attention to remove.
nevus vasculosus, capillary hemangiomas, eventually disappear early in childhood
hands and feet may appear slightly blue caused by poor peripheral circulation lasting 7-10 days, more apparent when the infant becomes cold.
half of the newborns body appears red and they other half pale as a result of vasomotor disturbance. vessels dilate and others constrict.
deposits of bile pigments as seen in jaundice. ( abnormal during the first 24 hours )
yellowish white cream cheese like substance protecting the infants skin against amniotic fluid.
a fungal infection may be acquired during passage through the birth canal if the mother is infected with?
infection of the neonates eyes usually resulting from gnorrheal when passing thru the birth canal
newborns are born with which eye condition?
nearsighted and can see objects best at eight to ten inches
discharge of blood tinged mucus from the vagina, may occur in response to maternal hormones
the continuous replacement of cells,tissues and fluids
The changes we undergo throughout life include?
threadlike structures in the nucleus of the cell that function in the transmission of genetic information?
substance that interferes with normal prenatal development causing one or more developmental abnormalities
(sensorimotor ) senses, motor abilities and reflexes, schema, object permanence,mental representation, goal directed behavior
cognitive develoment birth to two years?
( preoperational ) egocentric thinking, trial and error, time is present time only, symbols represent objects, intuitive thinking, imagination, gradually becomes less egocentric
cognitive development 2 to 6 years?
( concrete operational ) realistic views, improved memory, multitask, cause and effect, behavior outcomes, conversationa and number classification
cognitive development for 7 to 11 years?
( formal operational ) scientific problem solving, past, present, future, hypothetic situations, interest in ethics, politics, social and moral issues
cognitive development for 12 plus
respiratory system, cerebral cortex, mouth and nasal cavities
speech requires intact physiologic functioning of what?
intact and discriminating auditory apparatus, intelligence, need to communicate, stimulation
language requires what?
sex linked, inherited disorder, skelatol muscle wasting, most severe and common, and the onset begins between 2 and 4 years old
duchenne's muscular dystrophy?
rarely live past 20, resulting from cardiac or respiratory complications
what is the prognosis or duchennes muscular dystrophy?
electromyogram, elevated serum creatine, elevated aspartate aminotransferase (emg, cpk, ast) and muscle biopsy
what are the diagnostic tests used for duchennes muscular dystrophy?
immunizing agent from detoxified tetanus toxin that produces an antigenic response to the body
engagement, establishment, expectant, parenthood,disengagement, senescence
what are the stages of familly development?
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