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Intro to Philosophy
Terms in this set (20)
A single assertion or a series of assertions presented and defended by the writer
Starting point of a argument.
Study of arguments
study of perswasion , 1)Pleasant language;Using language effectively to please or persuad
Seek to show that if the premises are true then the conclusion is more or less likely
Attempt to give strongest possible support for the conclusion—ideally, the premises logically guarantee it.
Argument by analogy
In logic, an argument is a set of one or more meaningful declarative sentences (or "propositions") known as the premises along with another meaningful declarative sentence (or "proposition") known as the conclusion.
Accurate. The degree to which a study accurately reflects or assesses the specific concepts that the researcher is attempting to measure. Does it measure what its suppose to.
Reductio ad absurdum
the Latin for "to reduce to the absurd." This is a technique useful in creating a comic effect and is also an argumentative technique. It is considered a rhetorical fallacy because it reduces an argument to an either/or choice
An often plausible argument using false or invalid inference; a false or mistaken idea.
necessary and sufficient conditions
Factor has a 1 to 1 relationship with disease outcome,, the one and only cause that can bring about the effect
Argument of Ignorance
You haven't disproven X, therefore I have a reason to believe that X is true"-- but, just because something hasn't been disproven, that doesn't mean that it is true ( or, the fallacy can read: you haven't proven x,, therefore I have a reason to believe that x is false).
Law of non-contradiction
a statement cannot be both true and false, Nothing can have a property and lack it at the same time and in the same way.
there is one truth that is the same for all. That is, things/facts/truths are a certain way regardless of what or how we think about them. Reality is thus independent of human thoughts/concepts
Truth is not objective, but is relative to something; persons,societies,groups,etc.
A person who believes there is no god
The belief that every species has arisen purely by evolution, but that evolution was guided by or enabled by God.
(n.) one who believes that nothing can be known about God; a skeptic; (adj.) without faith, skeptical
1 a doctrine that identifies God with the universe, or regards the universe as a manifestation of God.
2 rare worship that admits or tolerates all gods.
belief in the existence of a supreme being, specifically of a creator who does not intervene in the universe. The term is used chiefly of an intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries that accepted the existence of a creator on the basis of reason but rejected belief in a supernatural deity who interacts with humankind. Compare with theism.
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