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APWH Stearns - Chapter 22
Terms in this set (17)
Slender, long-hulled vessels utilized by Portuguese; highly maneuverable and able to sail against the wind; key to development of Portuguese trade empire in Asia.
Asian sea trading network
Prior to intervention of Europeans, consisted of three zones: Arab zone based on glass, carpets, and tapestries; India based on cotton textiles; and China based on paper, porcelain, and silks.
Portuguese factory or fortified trade town located on western India coas
Portuguese factory or fortified trade town located at southern end of Persian Gulf; site for forcible entry into Asian sea trade network.
Dutch fortress located after 1620 on the island of Java.
Dutch trading empire
Based on control of fortified towns and factories, warships on patrol, and monopoly control of limited number of products-particularly spices.
Northern island of Philippines; conquered by Spain during the 1560s; site of major Catholic missionary effort.
Southern island of Philippines; a Muslim kingdom that was able to successfully resist Spanish conquest
Nobili Robert di
Italian Jesuit missionary; worked in India during the early 1600s; introduced strategy to convert elites first; strategy later widely adopted by Jesuits in various parts of Asia; mission eventually failed
Spanish Jesuit missionary; worked in India in 1540s among the outcaste and lower caste groups; made little headway among elites.
First Ming emperor in 1368; originally of peasant lineage; original name Zhu Yuanzhang; drove out Mongol influence; restored position of scholar-genty
One of two port cities in which Europeans were permitted to trade in China during the Ming dynasty
One of two ports in which Europeans were permitted to trade in China during the Ming dynasty
Along with Adam Schall, Jesuit scholar in court of Ming emperors; skilled scientist; corrected calendars, forged cannons, fixed clocks; won few converts to Christianity.
Along with Matteo Ricci, Jesuit scholar in court of Ming emperors; skilled scientist; corrected calendars, forged cannons, fixed clocks; won few converts to Christianity.
Last of the Ming emperors; committed suicide in 1644 in the face of a Jurchen invasion of the Forbidden City at Beijing.
General under Nobunaga; succeeded as leading military power in central Japan; continued efforts to break power of daimyos; constructed a series of alliances that made him military master of Japan in 1590; died in 1598.
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