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Social Studies Unit Four Test
Terms in this set (27)
Identify: Foreign Policy
Principles or rules that guide the US in its future affairs with foreign nations.
Identify: Andrew Jackson
Hero of the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812 who led troops which killed 2000 British men compared to the 20 Americans who died.
Identify: Lewis and Clark
The two men who led the expedition to first explore the land purchased by Jefferson during the Louisiana Purchase.
The French Emperor who sold all of the Louisiana Territory to the US for just $15 million.
A policy of avoiding political or military agreement with other countries; first established by George Washington; no permanent allies.
A policy of not choosing sides in a war or dispute between other countries.
An example or standard
Tax on imported goods
The crime of encouraging rebellion against the government.
To refuse to recognize a federal law. This action by a state is called a nullification.
What were the major issues dividing Hamilton and the Federalists from Jefferson and the Dem.-Republicans and how did they differ?
Federalists wanted a strong government run by the wealthy and educated.
Republicans wanted a weak government with a hands off approach, so as to protect the rights of the people.
Federalists wanted an economy based off of manufacturing, and they wanted a National Bank to hold taxes, loans, and to print money
Republicans wanted an economy based of off agriculture, and did not support the National Bank because they didn't give out loans to farmers.
Federalists wanted to be allies with Britain because they liked that their government was strong, powerful, and respected by the rest of the world. They wanted to be like Britain.
Republicans wanted to be allies with France because they helped out in the Revolutionary War, and they thought a few noble heads were a small price to pay for freedom.
What is the purpose of a president's cabinet?
The president's cabinet is a group of different departments (Department of State, Department of War, and Treasury Department) that keeps the nation under control. They give the president guidance in each department.
What did the Judiciary Act do?
It established District Courts and Courts of Appeal.
What was President Washington's response to the Whiskey Rebellion?
He led 13,000 troops to crush the rebels.
What slogan summarized the Americans' response to the XYZ affair?
"Millions for defense, yet not one cent for tribute."
Washington's Neutrality Proclamation was a policy that kept the US out of war with what two countries?
France and Britain.
Washington urged Americans to follow a foreign policy based on what?
Isolationism, and no permanent alliances with any other country.
What did Thomas Jefferson do as president?
He signed a peace treaty with Tripoli to stop the pirate problems, paid a ransom of $30,000 for the crew of the Philadephia, and sent ships to destroy the Philadelphia. He also passed the Embargo Act which stopped trade with all other nations in an effort to stop France and Britain from attacking his ships, and sent James Monroe to France to buy New Orleans from the French, but ended up getting all of Louisiana for just $15 million (2-3 cents per acre).
What was the result of the Louisiana Purchase?
Thomas Jefferson bought all of Louisiana from Napoleon for $15 million, which turned out to be around 2 or 3 cents per acre. After the purchase was made, the US doubled in size.
What was the effect of the Embargo Act?
The Embargo Act stopped trade with all other nations in an effort to hurt their economies, but it actually killed our economy and made 55,000 sailors lose their jobs. It was soon repealed, and afterwards, the French and British still attacked our ships.
What was the effect of the Impressment of American Sailors?
The Impressment of American Sailors was when the British Navy would kidnap American sailors when their merchant ships were seized on the way to trade with Britain and France. The effect of this was that American sailors would be forced to join the British Navy, and the US would lose their ships and merchants.
Why did the War Hawks want war?
They wanted an excuse to conquer Canada, they wanted revenge on Britain for attacking American ships and impressing their sailors, and they wanted to stop Britain from arming Indians on the frontier who were attacking western Americans.
What precedent did John Marshall set for the Supreme Court from his decision in Marbury v. Madison?
John Marshall set a precedent for the Supreme Court to be granted the power of judicial review, which meant that they could decide what was unconstitutional in a case involving federal officers.
What was the result of the battle near Baltimore in the War of 1812?
The British tried to invade Baltimore's harbor by bombing Fort McHenry, but after the night had passed, the American Flag was still waving in the air. Also, this battle was when Francis Scott Key wrote The Star-Spangled Banner.
What were the results of the War of 1812?
The US did not gain Canada, the British had burned down the city of Washington, and we were able to earn respect from the British after we met them in New Orleans and killed 2000 of them, compared to the 20 of us who died. However, the war did not settle any previous issues.
What were the results of the Monroe Doctrine?
The Monroe Doctrine joined isolationism as a basic principle of US foreign policy; it told the world that the US had become a strong and confident nation which was to be respected by the rest of the world; it said that the US would consider any efforts by European countries to colonize any part of the hemisphere as dangerous, and that they would declare war on anyone who tried to do this; it said the US would not accept European interference with American affairs.
Which president that we studied was the most effective in staying with the policy of isolationism and which president was the least effective in staying with isolationism and why?
George Washington was the most effective in staying with the policy of isolation because he remained neutral during the French revolution by passing a neutrality law which kept us out of war with France and Britain, and also stated in his farewell speech that the US should remain isolated from other countries, and should not form any permanent alliances.
James Madison was the least effective in staying with isolationism because he jumped right into war during the War of 1812 since he wanted an excuse to conquer Canada, revenge on Britain for attacking American ships and impressing their sailors, and to stop the British from arming the Native Americans in the west and ordering them to attack Western Americans.
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