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Chapter 6-9

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Samuel de Champlain
The Father of New France, who established a crucial alliance with the Huron Indians
Robert de la Salle
French Empire builder who explored the Mississippi Basin and named it after his monarch
Treaty of Utrecht
Agreement that ended the War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne's War) and awarded Acadia to Britain
War of Austrian Succession
Conflict that started with the War of Jenkin's Ear and ended with the return of Louisbourg to France
Fort Duquesne
Strategic French stronghold; later renamed after a great British statesman
George Washington
Militia commander whose frontier skirmish in Pennsylvania touched off a world war
Benjamin Franklin
Advocate of colonial unity at the unsuccessful Albany Congress
General Braddock
Blundering British officer whose defeat gave the advantage to the French and Indians in the early stages of their war
William Pitt
Spendid British orator and organizer of the winning strategy against the French in North American
Plains of Abraham
Site of death of Generals Wolfe and Montcalm, where France's New World empire also perished
Seven Years' War
Conflict in Europe that pitted France against Britatin's ally Frederick the Great of Prussia
Pontiac
Indian leader whose frontier uprising caused the British to attempt to limit colonial expansion
Proclaimation of 1763
British document that aroused colonial anger but failed to stop frontier expansion
New Orleans
Strategic French outpost at the mouth of the Mississippi
Acadians (Cajuns)
French colonists in Nova Scotia brutally uprooted by victorious British and shipped to Louisianna
The French fur trade
Decimated beaver populations while spreading the French empire
The four "world wars" between 1688 and 1763
Were echoed by four small wars between French and British subjects in North America
Competition for land and furs in the Ohio Valley
Led to Washington's expedition and battle with the French at Fort Necessity
The summoning of the Albany Congress by the British
Represented the first major attempt at intercolonial unity
William Pitt's assumption of control of British government and strategy
Ended a string of defeats and turned the French and Indian War in Britain's favor
Wolfe's victory over Montcalm at Quebec
Resulted in decisive French defeat and British domination of North America
The colonial militia's military success in the Fench and Indian War
Increased American military confidence and resentment of British redcoats
Colonial American smuggling and trading with French enemy
Increased British government's disdain for colonial Americans and raised doubts
British inssurance of the Proclamation of 1763
Led to Washington's expedition and battle with the French at Fort Necessity
Braddock's defeat at Fort Duquesne
Prompted widespread Indian assaults on the weakly defended colonial frontier