AP Biology: Chapters 9-10
I can't exactly put diagrams on here, so be shure to study them!
gain an electron
lose an electron
Cellular Respiration: What is being oxidized? (Actual name.)
CO2 (carbon dioxide)
Cellular Respiration: What is glucose being oxidized to? (Put the chemical formula.)
Cellular Respiration: What is being reduced? (Actual name)
Cellular Respiration: What is oxygen being reduced to?
Cellular Respiration: What enzyme takes the electron from glucose to oxygen?
Cellular Respiration: "Electron shuttle" with two forms, coenzyme
oxidized form of NAD
electron empty form of NAD
reduced form of NAD
electron full form of NAD
Form of NAD that contains two high energy electrons
What is the first step of cellular respiration?
What does glycolysis mean? (No quotations.)
Where does glycolysis occur?
Kreb's Cycle (citric acid cycle)
What is the second step of cellular respiration?
How many ATP does glycolysis produce?
How many ATP does the Kreb's Cycle produce?
What is the third step of cellular respiration?
How many ATP does oxidative phosphorylation produce?
How many NET ATP does cellular respiration produce?
How many ATP does glycolysis use?
Cellular Respiration: What 3C compound does glucose break down into? (singular)
Cellular Respiration: What 3C compound does glyceraldehyde become?
Cellular Respiration: What is the end product of glycolysis?
What kind of phosphorylation does glycolysis go through?
What 1C compound must leave in Kreb's "prestep"? (Chemical formula)
What does pyruvate become after CO2 leaves?
What comes after picking up an electron from acetic acid?
end product of Kreb's "prestep"
How many carbons are in oxaloacetate?
Acetyl CoA and oxaloacetate combine to make...?
citric acid cycle
another name for Kreb's Cycle
What is released from citric acid to make a 5C compound? (chemical formula)
How much ATP is gained from one turn of the Kreb's Cycle?
What is also know as an "alternate electron shuttle"?
Kreb's cycle undergoes what kind of phosphorylation?
How many NADH occurs in one turn of the Kreb's Cycle (excluding the PreStep)?
Where does cellulose respiration occur?
Where does Kreb's Cycle occur?
Which step of cellular respiration doesn't require oxygen?
NADH and FADH2
What provides the electrons for oxidative phosphorylation?
An electron transport chain is also known as?
Cellular Respiration: Where does a proton gradient occur?
Cellular Respiration: What space would have a lower pH?
After the electron goes through the electron chain, what molecule comes to take the electron? (actual name)
the coupling of active with passive transport of those H+
What is the final electron acceptor (actual name)?
1 NADH can make how many ATP?
1 FADH2 can make how many ATP?
Another word for anaerobic respiration
What is an example of alcohol fermentation?
What is the end or waste product of alcoholic fermentation?
What kind of fermentation can humans use?
99% of all creatures are what?
- Obligated to have O2
- Can ferment
Bacteria of this kind cannot have oxygen.
Bacteria can produce how much ATP from cellular respiration?
Yeast is an example of this type of anaerobes.
1 triglyceride can produce how much ATP?
What is the removal of an amino group?
What kind of organisms go through photosynthesis?
Anything that makes its own food
Photosynthesis: What is being reduced? (Chemical formula)
Photosynthesis: What is CO2 being reduced to?
Photosynthesis: What is being oxidized?
Photosynthesis: What is water being reduced to?
Photosynthesis: "electron shuttle", conenzyme
oxidized form of NADP
electron empty form of NADP
reduced form of NADP
electron full from of NADP
Which step of photosynthesis makes food?
Which step of photosynthesis makes ATP?
What is the isotope of oxygen known as heavy oxygen?
The process of light to emit an electron
chlorophyll that are yellows, red, oranges
functional unit of photosynthesis
An antenna and a primary electron acceptor make up a...?
Noncyclic/cyclic: What kind of photophosphorylation is the light reaction?
After the second light event, what receives the electron?
Noncyclic/cyclic: What kind of photophosphorylation occurs when you don't receive oxygen?
Noncyclic/cyclic: What kind of photophosphorylation occurs when you don't have NADPH?
Another name for the dark reaction
Photosynthesis: 5C of dark reaction
Where does the dark reaction occur?
In the dark reaction when NADPH and ATP are added to 3C, what high phosphorylated compounds are produced? (plural)
RuBP breaks into two 3C compounds called...?
What is needed for enzymes to break down the 3C to make it RuBP?
the problem with RuBP
loss of water out of stomata (worse on a hot, windy day)
prairie grasses and corn
Types of plants that close stomata all day
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