APUS ch. 14-15
Terms in this set (41)
Faction of democrats in New York bolted the party in 1848 and joined with "conscience" Whigs to form the Free-Soil Party and support ____ for president
Fugitive Slave Act
The most controversial part of the Compromise of 1850 was the ____, appeasing southerners but infuriating northerners
Harriet Beecher Stowe
When President Lincoln met ___ in 1863, he is reported to have said, "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war."
Although it began as a railroad measure, the ____ Act ended in reopening the question of slavery in the territories
Conducting raids in Latin America in search of additional slave territory during the 1850s ____ was captured and shot by a Honduran firing squad after invading that country.
Founded in opposition to new immigrants of the 1850s, the ____ Party advocated a longer period of naturalization.
Following his tirade of "The Crime Against Kansas," Senator _____ was caned by Congressman Preston Brooks
Although losing the Illinois senate race of 1858 to Democrat ____, Abraham Lincoln defeated the same opponent for president of the U.S in 1860
Leading a raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859, radical abolitionist ____ hoped to provoke a general uprising of slaves throughout the Upper South
On April 12, 1861, as Lincoln's relief expedition neared Charleston, General P.G.T. Beauregard's batteries shelled ____, and the Civil War began.
This proposed amendment to an appropriations bill prohibited slavery in any territories acquired from Mexico
This legislation allowed the organization of the Utah and New Mexico territories
This document was intended to pressure Spain to sell Cuba to the U.S
Dred Scott Decision
The Supreme Court declared that congress had no constitutional power to regulate slavery in the territories
This document would have provided for the admission of Kansas to the Union as a slave state
Mexican War hero and Louisiana slaveholder, he was nominated for president by the Whigs in 1848 despite his lack of political experience
Succeeding to the presidency upon Zachary Taylor's death, he lent his support to the Compromise of 1850
A lackluster winner of the apathetic election of 1852, he won the election with the support of Catholic immigrants from Ireland and Germany
Another Democratic northerner with southern principles, he endorsed the Dred Scott decision of 1857 as a final settlement of the issue of slavery in the territories
Campaigning as a moderate Republican in 1860, he favored a ban on the extension of slavery rather than abolition of the institution
In Ex parte Merryman, Chief Justice _____ of Supreme Court ruled that if the public's safety was endangered, only Congress had the right to suspend the writ of habeas corpus.
Winfield Scott, the Union commanding general at the beginning of the Civil War, favored a cautious, long-term strategy known as the ____
The early struggle of the Civil War in the East focused on the capture of ____, the Confederacy's capital and one of the South's most important railroad, industrial, and munitions centers
Originally a U.S. warship, which sank as the federal navy abandoned the Norfolk Navy Yard, the Confederates raised the ____ and covered it with heavy armor.
Immigrant workers in eastern cities and those who lived in the southern parts of the Midwest had little sympathy for abolitionism or blacks, supporting the antiwar stance of the Peace Democrats, the so called ____
Unless rebellious states returned to the Union by January 1, 1863, the president would declare their slaves "forever free," according to the _____
On July 3, 1863, General Robert E. Lee sent about 15,000 men in gallant but futile assault, known as _____, against the Union center at the Battle of Gettysburg
Fashionable Washington photographer ____, realizing that the camera was the "eye of history," asked Lincoln for permission to record the war.
On April 9, 1865, Grant accepted Lee's surrender at ______, ending the Civil War for all practical purposes
Some 31,000 Union soldiers were confined and over 12,000 graves were counted at war's end at the Confederate prison of ____ in Georgia
John Wilkes Booth
Only five days after the surrender at Appomattox, southern sympathizer named ____ assassinated President Lincoln at Ford's Theater
An early and prophetic meeting, this battle was characterized by logistic problems for both sides in the supply and movement of large armies
A surprise Confederate attack, this battle was eventually won by General Grant's forces, but at heavy cost, draining him of sufficient resources to force early capture of the Mississippi River
A Union victory, this battle presented President Lincoln with the opportunity to issue a preliminary emancipation proclamation
The end of Lee's invasion of the North, this battle inflicted such heavy losses on his army that he could never mount another southern offensive
The completion of the Union campaign to gain control of the Mississippi River and to divide the South , this battle ensured the promotion of Ulysses S. Grant as general-in-chief of the Union forces
Former cabinet member, U.S. senator, and Mexican War veteran, this aristocratic southerner served as president of the Confederacy
Noted for his organizational skills rather than his daring leadership on the battlefield, this northern general later ran for president in 1864 on a platform of ending the war
Ulysses S. Grant
Although his career in the peacetime army had been undistinguished, this northern general's military genius to see beyond individual battles to larger goals helped him rise to general-in-chief of the Union armies
Robert E. Lee
Waging a defensive war in the early years, this general felt that a successful southern offensive would bring diplomatic recognition and might even force the North to sue for peace
William T. Sherman
Northern general who led the campaign to capture Atlanta and Savannah, he spread destruction to make southerners "fear and dread" their foes
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