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Flash Cards covering the 12 Principles of Development for children.

Principle #1

Domains of children's development -- physical, social, emotional, and cognitive -- are closely related. Development in one domain influences and is influenced by development in other domains.

Principle #2

Development occurs in a relatively orderly sequence, with later abilities, skills, and knowledge building on those already acquired.

Principle #3

Development proceeds at varying rates from child to child as well as unevenly within different areas of each child's functioning

Principle #4

Early experiences have both cumulative and delayed effects on individual children's development. Optimum periods exist for certain types of development and learning.

Principle #5

Development proceeds in predictable directions toward greater complexity, organization, and internalization.

Principle #6

Development and learning occur in and are influenced by multiple social and cultural contexts.

Principle #7

Children are active learners, drawing on direct physical and social experiences as well as culturally transmitted knowledge to construct their own understandings of the world around them.

Principle #8

Development and learning result from interaction of biological maturation and the environment, which includes both the physical and social worlds that children live in.

Principle #9

Play is an important vehicle for children's social, emotional, and cognitive development, as well as a reflection of their development.

Principle #10

Development advances when children have opportunities to practice newly acquired skills as well as when they experiences a challenge just beyond the level of their present ability.

Principle #11

Children demonstrate different modes of knowing and learning and different ways of representing what they know.

Principle #12

Children develop and learn best in the context of a community where they are safe and valued, their physical needs are met, and they feel psychologically secure.

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