12 terms

Principles of Development

Flash Cards covering the 12 Principles of Development for children.
Principle #1
Domains of children's development -- physical, social, emotional, and cognitive -- are closely related. Development in one domain influences and is influenced by development in other domains.
Principle #2
Development occurs in a relatively orderly sequence, with later abilities, skills, and knowledge building on those already acquired.
Principle #3
Development proceeds at varying rates from child to child as well as unevenly within different areas of each child's functioning
Principle #4
Early experiences have both cumulative and delayed effects on individual children's development. Optimum periods exist for certain types of development and learning.
Principle #5
Development proceeds in predictable directions toward greater complexity, organization, and internalization.
Principle #6
Development and learning occur in and are influenced by multiple social and cultural contexts.
Principle #7
Children are active learners, drawing on direct physical and social experiences as well as culturally transmitted knowledge to construct their own understandings of the world around them.
Principle #8
Development and learning result from interaction of biological maturation and the environment, which includes both the physical and social worlds that children live in.
Principle #9
Play is an important vehicle for children's social, emotional, and cognitive development, as well as a reflection of their development.
Principle #10
Development advances when children have opportunities to practice newly acquired skills as well as when they experiences a challenge just beyond the level of their present ability.
Principle #11
Children demonstrate different modes of knowing and learning and different ways of representing what they know.
Principle #12
Children develop and learn best in the context of a community where they are safe and valued, their physical needs are met, and they feel psychologically secure.