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the way or path; the nameless
-basic concept that cannot be defined
-mystical reality that cannot be grasped by the mind
Confucianism stressing the importance of meditation and dedication to becoming a sage, established during the Chinese Song dynasty
the vital energy in the universe and in our bodies according to Chinese cosmology and the Chinese sciences
The Dao de jing
"The Classic of the Way and its Power"
-book written for a border guard by Laozi
-suggest it was an alternative to confucianism
The books central philosophy is a practical concern with improving harmony in life
Daoism: Inner Alchemy
-within our body is the spiritual micro-universe of the "three treasures" necessary for the preservation of life:
1)generative force (jing) 2)vital life force (qi) 3)spirit
These help with breathing techniques, sexual techniques, etc
Celestial Master: Zhang Daoling had a vision in with he was appointed representative of the Dao on each and give this title
-He advocated similar practices of healing by faith and developed a quasi-military organization of religious officials
"Highest Purity Daoism": Elite group of celibates, who resided on Mount Mao called their practices this
-They looked down on the Celestial Master tradition
-Complete Perfection: New meditation practices, divine beings, rituals, scriptures, heavens rebirth, and hell
-dominant in monastic schools
-is also the foundation for most Hong Kong Daoist temples and marital arts groups
-the practice of virtue
-sixth century BCE
-Did not begin with Confucius - rather based on ancient Chinese beliefs in Heaven, ancestor worship, and the efficacy of rituals
Created Confucianism: family name was Kong; the Chinese honored him as Kong Fuzi (Master Kong) and called his teachings Rujiao (the teachings of the scholars)
The five relationships
-elder sibling/younger sibling
in chapter Iv - Confucuius describes the rare person who is utterly devoted to ten as one who is not motivated by personal profit but by the moral, is concerned with self-improvement rather than public recognition, etc
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