Chapter 19 review

The different countries that make up the Central Powers Alliance
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Terms in this set (45)
No mans landThe area that is in between each sides trenchesHow did Germany respond to Great Britain's blockade?They did a counter blockade by using their submarines (U-boats)Was the 1916 election of Woodrow Wilson easy?No, it was a very close race. He did not win by a landslideThe Zimmerman noteA telegram that got intercepted; Germany and Mexico made an alliance that if Germany won Mexico would be given certain states that used to be their territoryWhy did the U.S. get involved?The Zimmerman note, U.S. citizens being killed on ships, events in Russia removed the last significant obstacle to direct US involvement in the war, Wilson wanted to make sure that we got our war debts backThe selective service actRequired men to register with the government in order to be randomly draftedWhat regiment saw the most active duty in WW1?The all black 369th infantry regiment (the Harlem hell fighters)Who won France's highest military honor (the croix de guerre)?Henry Johnson and Needham RobertsThe convoy systemA heavy guard of destroyers escorted merchant ships back and forth across the Atlantic in groupsWhat was the convoy system in response to?U-boat blockade because ships were constantly being fired onWho led the American Expeditionary Force?General John J. PershingWhy were the U.S. soldiers nicknamed the dough boys?They cleaned their belts with clay or "dough"2 most innovative weapons of WWItank and airplaneEddie RickenbackerWon the most victories as an Allied pilotWhy were observation balloons prime targets for pilots?They were dangerous because they could give solidiers' positions away2 kinds of diseases that soldiers got in the trenchesTrench foot and trench mouthAlvin YorkBecame one of America's greatest war heroes. Originally it was against his beliefs to fight but he changed on thatArmisticeA ceasefire, a truceWhen was Daylight savings time implemented?The fuel administration introduced it during WW1Why were there so many strikes during the war months?A lot of workers felt like they were not getting paid enough or working too many hours so they were creating unions; 6,000 strikes broke outFood AdministrationTried to conserve food, their strategy was not to ration food everyday, but just taking one day sweetless, two days porkless, and one day meatless, it wasn't a strict thing that you had to cut back out of every day but just focusing on one, also encouraged victory gardensHow did the US pay for the war?Taxes and war bondsWhy did German-Americans face discrimination and acts of violence at this time?Because immigration was a problemEspionage and Sedition Actslaws that enacted harsh punishments against anyone who opposed participation in the war. They said a person could be fined up to 10k and sentenced to 20 years in prison for interfering with the war effort or saying anything disloyal or profane about the governmentWhat amendment did the espionage and sedition acts challenge?The first amendmentGreat MigrationMovement of African Americans from the South to the North for jobs.What group of people joined the workforce during WWI?Women, they were filling in jobs usually held by menBecause of women going to work again, what change came about?Women's suffrageWhat flu epidemic went around?The influenza virusWhat was Wilson's plan for peace called?The fourteen pointsWhat was Wilson's last point?The League of NationsWho went to discuss what the details of the treaty with Germany?The big 4Who were the Big 4 at the Treaty of Versailles?Great Britain, France, Italy, the United StatesWere conditions in the treaty of Versailles fair?No, they said Germany could have no military, pay reparations, and take all responsibility for starting the warWhy did congress not want to be part of the league of nations?Because they felt like America was going to be losing its power and it's say on international affairs