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rural to urban migration
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Terms in this set (72)
efficiently locatedurban centers must be ________ _________metropolitan areaA(n) ______ is a large-scale functional entity discontinuously built up but operating as an integrated economic whole.Transport services Special functions for locations outside the surrounding area Providing general services for the surrounding areawhat are the purposes for a cityCentral place theoryWhat is the name of the theory developed by Walter Christaller to explain the size and location of settlements?distance decayThe decreased influence a city has on areas farther away from it is an example of the concept of ______.siteabsolute locationsituationrelative locationthere will be more small towns than there will be big towns larger towns will be spaced farther apart from one another than smaller towns the sphere of influence of a settlement is proportional to its sizeAccording to Walter Christaller's central place theory, ______.growth in urban areasManufacturing during the Industrial Revolution has been tied to the ______.urban influence zonethe area outside of a city that is affected by it.Car assembly line workers Dock workers Credit card call center employeesbasic sector workersnonbasic sectorthe _______ _______ of a city's economy is made up of activities that move money within the city.manufactoring______ has served an important element of basic sector activity for most cities, bringing in money from other places through export of goods.multiplier effectThe _______ _______ describes the way that every new basic sector job creates additional nonbasic jobsCar wash operator Firefighter Restaurant ownernonbasic sectoreconomic structureThe activities people do to support the urban population, such as manufacturing, retail, or education, form the __________ ________ of an urban areaincreases faster thanAs a settlement grows in size, the number of nonbasic workers ______ the number of new basic workers.urban hierarchyranking of cities based on their size and functional complexity.remains stagnant or declines rapidlyWhen the demand for the goods and services of a city falls, the demand for labor also falls and the population of that city typically ______.it grows substantiallyOnce a city is established as a capital or governmental center, what typically happens to its population?london and new yorkdominant world citiesrank size ruleaccording to the ___________ _________ ________ the third largest city in a region will be one third the size of the largest.mass transitOlder cities commonly have a densely built-up core forming the center for businesses. This pattern arose during a time when the dominant form of transport in those cities was ______.primate city hierarchyA country that has one very large city, few or no intermediate-size cities, and many smaller settlements is said to display a ______.it flattened the curveHow did the increased use of cars effect the density-distance curve?declinesWith increasing distance from the city center, the average age of the head of household typically _____________sectorPatterns of social status divisions typically resemble the ______ model of urban land use.institutional, government___________ and _______________ controls have a strong influence of land use patterns in cities.number of people per roomA good housing indicator of social status is ______.ethnicitySpatial patterns determined by ______ most closely resemble the multiple-nuclei urban land use model.the size and availability of housingThe tendency for city residents to segregate themselves into groups on the basis of things such as income and stage in life is fostered by ______.education, occupation and house sizeThe social status of an individual or a family is determined by ______.concentric zone modelThe Ernest Burgess ______ depicts five rings of different land use radiating out from the central business district.social status, family status, and ethnicityIn larger cities, people tend to group according to which three factors?megalopolisSuburban areas can expand to the point where multiple metropolitan areas coalesce, forming a continuous built-up region, often called a _____________suburbanizationUrban sprawl, including residential areas, industrial parks, and shopping centers, is a consequence of ______.edge citiesare large nodes of office and commercial buildings outside traditional downtowns in what had previously been residential or rural areas.multiple nuclei modelThe ______ states that large cities develop by the spread of several peripheral nodes, not just from the central business district.decline of the central citySuburbanization has led to a redistribution of jobs and population, resulting in ______.urban developmentShorter work weeks, new roads, and new transportation systems have all opened up new acreages to ______.suburbanizationthe trend of people moving away from the urban core to where home prices are lower.easternThe slowest growth in large cities has taken place in the ______ United States.The rise of digital communications technologyWhat is believed to be a major factor in the recent trend of urban renewal in the core of many cities?westernThe fastest growth in large cities is mostly taking place in the ______ United States.Finance Corporate management Health careWhat industries have been part of the growth of the new urban core thanks to advancements in digital technologies?peripheral modelThe ______ acknowledges the impact of automobiles on city land use patterns. It proposes a circumferential highway outside the center city around which residential areas and business nodes form.gentrificationthe rehabilitation of housing in the oldest and most deteriorated inner-city areas by middle- and high-income groups.Western EuropeCities that are compact, have most residents in apartments, have narrow streets, and houses that rarely have large yards or gardens are most likely to be found in ______.gentrificationDisplacement of low-income, frequently minority families by middle- and high-income professionals is one negative side effect of ______.it fellWhat happened to the tax revenue in cities in the first few months of coronavirus pandemic?Relatively low skyline Compact and pedestrian-friendly Most residents live in apartments.western European citiesHigh building and population densities Sharp break between urban and rural land uses Almost universal apartment dwelling Large central square ringed by government buildingseastern european citiesdeveloping worldThe fastest-growing cities and urban populations are found in the ___________ __________"Empty nesters" Young professionals New immigrantsWhich groups of people are fueling the growth in inner-city population?colonialismMany cities in developing countries are the products of ______________ established as ports or outposts of administration, built by Europeans on a Western model.governmentLand use patterns in capital cites tend to reflect the centralization of ___________ functionsColonial legacy Squatter settlements Inadequate facilities for large populationsWhich three features are common to many cities in developing countries?primateIn many developing countries, the population is disproportionately concentrated in a single ______________ city, and there are very few small- or medium-size cities.brasilia, Brasil_______________ is not an example of a developing world city that was initially founded by colonialism? Multiple choice question.Squater settlementMany of the new arrivals in developing country cities live in _______.rural flightMuch of the urban population growth in developing countries is fueled by ______.planned_____________ cities, such as Brasilia in Brazil, are those that are conceived of and then built on previously undeveloped land.