Music Theory

Grade 7 Band & Chorus music theory notes for test.
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Terms in this set (...)

Dynamics
The louds and softs of music
Pianissimo
very soft
Piano
soft
mezzo piano
medium soft
Mezo forte
medium loud
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
Crescendo
Gradually getting louder
Decrescendo
Gradually getting softer
tempo
The speed of the beat in music
Largo
slow
Andante
walking speed
Moderato
medium
Allegro
fast
Vivo
very fast
Beat
The steady recurring pulse in music
Measure
The spaces between bar lines
Indicates the end of a piece
Double bar line
Silences in music
rests
The horizontal line that groups together eighth notes and sixteenth notes.
Note beam
The five lines and four spaces that music is written
staff
The treble clef and bass clef connected by a brace and bracket
Grand staff
Notes placed on lines and spaces representing high and low sounds
Pitches
Lines added above and below the staff for high and low notes
Ledger lines
The distance between two notes
Interval
A separate special ending
Coda
A curved line that connects notes of the same pitch
Tie
A curved line that connects notes of different pitches
Slur
A group of three notes performed in the space of two
Triplet
The term for performing a detached, short note
Staccato
A dot increases the value of a note by half the value of the note it follows
Dotted note
(A#-Bb, C#-Db, D#-Eb, F#-Gb, G#-Ab) Notes that have different names but sound the same.
Enharmonic Notes
Hold the notes longer than its normal value
Fermata
Two dots before a double bar line
Repeat sign
Sharps and flats placed immediately to the right of the clef sign.
Key signature
A succession of pitches going higher or lower like a ladder
Scale
The smallest distance between two notes
Half step