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APUSH- Ch. 7-10

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STUDY
PLAY
mercantilism
the economic system designed so that a country exports more than it imports. It was enacted upon Britain in order to gain revenue from the colonies- draining resources from outside colonies to benefit the mother country
imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Sugar Act
a duty on sugar sent form the West Indies, colonists importing have to pay a tax to the British Empire, it's eventually lowered due to colonial opposition
Quartering Act
an act enforced by the British that forced colonists to give shelter and food to British troops following the French and Indian War
Stamp Act
a duty on on ALL legal documents (contracts, notary, marriage licenses), which adds a cost to doing business/daily life
1764
date of the Sugar Act
1765
date of the Quartering Act
1765
date of the Stamp Act
no taxation without representation
the response of the colonists after the enactment of the Stamp Act
enumerated goods
goods that could only be shipped to England
republicanism
the idea that defines a just society in which all citizens willingly subordinated their private/selfish interests for the common good- everything depends on the virtue of the citizenry
Whigs
a political faction that feared the treat to liberty posed by the arbitrary power of the monarch and ministers relative to elected representatives in Parliament- attacked patronage and bribes by the king's minsters and addressed the problems of corruption
navigation laws
rules that aimed at rival Dutch shippers trying to elbow their way into American carrying trade- this act prohibited America from trading with any other country except Britain
paper money
the solution after currency issues came to a massive threat as currency was constantly drained from the colonies from Britain's war debt- it's not a big success as it's depreciated
True
TRUE OR FALSE? Colonists were provided the protection of the British army and navy all for free
False
TRUE OR FALSE? The system of mercantilism calls for more imports than exports
George Grenville
name of the prime minister who calls for the enforcement of the Navigation Laws, Sugar Act, and Stamp Act
False
TRUE OR FALSE? The stamp tax that was in Britain was lesser than the 1765 stamp tax in America
virtual representation
Parliament's response to "no taxation without representation", with their idea saying how all of Parliament represents the governed bodies, with each member of Parliament representing the citizens of the colonies (they will take colonists' grievances to "consideration")
New York City
the place in which the STAMP ACT CONGRESS took place
9
how many colonies took part in the Stamp Act Congress?
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
a minority seeking independence which would in turn spur a trend in demanding independence from Britain
Tar and feathered
the process in which humiliation of agents of the British government would take place, imitating a chicken--this would cause fear in members of Parliament and cause them to quit their jobs/lower taxes
Declaratory Act
an act that resulted from the repealing of the Stamp Act
Declaratory Act
the act that reaffirmed Parliament's right to "bind" the colonies "in all cases whatsoever". It defines Britain's absolute sovereignty over the colonies.
tea
the one product that was NOT repealed of a tax following the repealing of the Townshend Acts
Townshend Acts
duty taxes enacted by Britain that places a tax on all light utility goods, such as glass, white lead, paper, paint, and tea.
New York
which legislature was suspended in 1767 for failure to comply with the Quartering Act by London government?
Crispus Attucks
one of the first to die during the Boston Massacre, he was a "mulatto" and a leader of the mob
Samuel Adams
the second cousin of John Adams, he was one of the first to incite feelings of rebellion and independence; he was a "patriot" and a "brewer"
John Adams
after the Boston Massacre, he defends two British soldiers in court, acknowledging the event through their perspective (they are released and send back to England)
Committees of correspondence
inspired by Samuel Adams, they are groups formed by discontent against the British officials over Navigation Laws, and other British policies; they went to boycott British goods--each colony had one and it encouraged unity.
Boston Tea Party
the colonists' reaction to the British tea tax, throwing out tea in Boston Harbor
Intolerable Acts
Parliament's response to the Boston Tea Party, resulting in many of the chartered rights of Massachusetts being swept away- such as restrictions on town meetings
Boston Port Act
act that closes ports, closing off the harbors of Boston until damages were paid and order could be ensued
send food
how do the colonies aid the city of Boston during their time being confined by numerous Intolerable Acts?
Quebec Act
an act in which the French were guaranteed their Catholic religion; permitted to retain many of their old customs and institutions, which didn't include a representative assembly or trial by jury- old boundaries of the province of Quebec now extended southward all the way to the Ohio River- this was Britain's solution to deal with the French colonists won over by the French and Indian War
Continental Congress
a meeting called in response to the Intolerable Acts, it was to meet in Philadelphia to consider ways of redressing colonial grievances; it results in the Declaration of Rights
The Association
an intercolonial agreement boycotting English goods after the Continental Congress
Rejected
Were the grievances of the Continental Congress approved or rejected by Parliament?
weapons and ammunition
What did the British come to discover what the colonists were storing in Lexington and Concord?
minutemen
farmer/peasant soldiers, who reported within a minute for their town (1st type of revolutionary army)
Battle of Lexington and Concord
what skirmish was known as the "shot heard round the world"?
Philadelphia
what city was the Continental Congress held in?
For Unity
was the French and Indian War a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?
For Unity
was the Proclamation of 1763 a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?
For Unity
was the developing American culture a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?
For Unity
was salutary neglect a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?
For Unity
were the Navigation Laws a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?
Against Unity
were diverse nationalities and religions a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?
Against Unity
was geography a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?
Against Unity
was social disparity a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?
Marquis de Lafayette
a French nobleman who was a major general of a colonial army- he offered his service as well as nearly $200,000 in private funds in support of the American cause
Philadelphia
In what city did the SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS meet in 1775?
13
How many colonies were represented at the 2nd Continental Congress?
George Washington
Who did Congress select to head the hastily improvised army besieging Boston?
True
TRUE OR FALSE? Congress had selected Washington because he was an aristocrat and wealthy.
Ticonderoga and Crown Point
what two garrisons were captured by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold in May 1775?
Olive Branch Petition
adopted in July 1775, it was meant as a peace agreement to reconcile hostilities with the British after the battle of Bunker Hill, but was quickly rejected by George III
Hessians
name of the German mercenaries hired to help out British forces
True
TRUE OR FALSE? many of the Hessians were greedy and thus deserted the British army and became citizens of America
Unsuccessful
Were the Americans successful or unsuccessful invading Canada?
Common Sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine (nowhere in the physical universe did the smaller heavenly body control the larger one)
citizen virtue
a component many colonists in America felt was fundamental to any successful republican government
natural aristocracy
what did the patriots favor who should rule a republic?
John Locke
the main inspiration behind the Declaration of Independence