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19 terms

B and C Lit Terms

STUDY
PLAY
balance
constructing a sentence so that both halves are about the same length and importance. Sentences can be unbalanced to serve a special effect as well
characterization
the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
indirect characterization
the author reveals to the reader what the character is like by describing how the character looks and dresses, by letting the reader hear what the character says, by revealing the character's private thoughts and feelings, by revealing the characters effect on other people or by showing the character in action. Common in modern literature
direct characterization
the author tells us directly what the character is like: sneaky, generous, mean to pets and so on. Romantic style literature relied more heavily on this form.
static character
is one who does not change much in the course of a story
dynamic character
is one who changes in some important way as a result of the story's action
flat character
has only one or two personality traits. They are one dimensional, like a piece of cardboard. They can be summed up in one phrase.
round character
has more dimensions to their personalitites they are complex, just as real as people
chiasmus
in poetry a type of rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first, but with the part reversed.
cliche
is a word or phrase, often a figure of speech, that has become lifeless because of overuse. Avoid cliches like the plague
colloquialism
a word or phrase in everyday use in conversation and informal writing but is inappropriate for formal situations. (hes out of his head if he thinks im gonna go for such a stupid idea)
comedy
in general, a story that ends with a happy resolution of the conflicts faced by the main character or character
conceit
an elaborate metaphor that compares two things that are startlingly different. often an extended metaphor
confessional poetry
a twentieth century term used to describe poetry that uses intimate material from the poet's life
conflict
the struggle between opposing forces or characters in a story
external conflict
conflicts can exist between two people, between a person and nature or a machine or between a person a whole society
internal conflict
a conflict can be internal, involving opposing forces within a person's mind.
connotation
the associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase, in addition to its strict dictionary definition
couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry