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44 terms

Intro to Geo

Notecards
STUDY
PLAY
5 themes of geography
location,place,movement,regions,relationship/interaction
location
absolute,relative
absolute
latitude and longitude
relative
relationship using cardinal directions
North South East West ex. Pittsburgh is north of Florida
place
human and physical characteristics
human characteristics
culture be careful of sterotyping
physical characteristics
landforms ecosystems *climate
movement
people,goods,ideas
people
migrate(stay within country) and or immigrate(move out of country)
goods
imported(coming in) and or exported(going out)
ideas
inventions
interaction
people,environment
people(interaction)
communication verbally non verbally
environment
positive and or negative
regions
formal division,functional division,perceptual division
formal division
one thing that defines it
states country city(politcal borders) steppe in Northern Eurasia *corn belt
functional division
one thing/place and everything it affects
WWII hurricanes earthquakes 9/11
perceptual division
accurate feeling or attitude about a place
geography
study of earth
prime meridian
0 degrees longitude
eastern hemisphere
is Euope, Asia, Australia, and Africa
western hemisphere
North America and South America
international date line
IDL, 180 degrees from the prime meridian
culture
beliefs and actions for a people's way of life
population density
number of people per square mile
birthrate
number of births per year per 1,000
cultural hearth
place where an idea began
cultural convergence
mixing of two cultures
diffusion
spreading of ideas
cultural divergence
one culture dominates another
sovereignty
free from rules
unitary system
one central government
federation
division of power
confederation
strong local government and weak central government
authoritarian
leaders hold all power
dictatorship
form of authoritarian,control of military and government
totalitarian
form a dictatorship controls everything
monarchy
authoritarian; king or queen
democracy
constitutional monarchy
*people vote on every issue
republic
people voter for representitives
constitutional monarchy
king/queen and some elected officials
traditional economy
subsistence,grow just enough food to survive
market economy
free enterprise or capitalism,sell things to make a profit
command economy
all econmoics decisions are made by government