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33 terms

Music Chapter 14 Pre and Post Test Definitions

music
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fugue
a composition written systematically in imitative polyphony, usually with a single main theme; one voice begins and then the other imitate in succession
polyphonic texture
two or more simultaneously and equally important melodic lines
concerto
a composition for orchestra and a soloist
subject
how a fugue typically begins, in one voice all by itself
imitative counterpoint
a polyphonic texture in which all the parts sing the same melody or similar melodies, but each part enters at a different time; the voices imitate each other.
fugal exposition
the opening section of a fugue, in which all the voices enter with the main subject.
middle entries
occurs when the later entries of the subject enter
episodes
the main subject is absent in the passage
Johann Sebastian Bach
Born into a family of musicians
church organist, violinist and concert master, music director, wrote orchestral music; wrote cantatas, NEVER wrote an opera, 20 children
A polyphonic work based on a central theme is called
a fugue
Bach wrote his Fugue in G Minor for ______________
the organ
he "King of Instruments" is also known as ____________________.
r:
organ
This chapter includes two versions of the same piece of music: the original and a(n)
arrangement
Listen to excerpt 1.


This excerpt includes the slow and stately entrance of the ____
theme
Which of the following is NOT a part of the organ?
microphone
In his arrangement, Leopold Stokowski adapted Bach's Fugue in G Minor to be played by multiple instruments.
true
Listen to excerpt 2.


Two parts enter: first alto, then tenor, repeating the subject. This creates what type of texture?
Answer
Question 8 answers
Selected Answer:
imitative counterpoint
Listen to excerpt 3.


The shift you hear when the central theme drops out is called ____________________.
Answer
Question 9 answers
an episode
Listen to excerpt 4.


The instrument heard in this arrangement of Bach's Fugue in G Minor by Leopold Stokowski is an organ.
false
Bach often wrote music because ______________
he was hired to,
Bach never wrote ____________________.
an opera
How does Bach's original Fugue in G Minor differ from Stokowski's arrangement?
Bach's original was written for an organ; Stokowski arranged the music for several instruments.
Which of the following is NOT true about fugues?
Fugues are musical works with new phrases of different melodies introduced in succession.
The organ is unique for its range of ______ and ______.
volume; timbre
Listen to excerpt 1.


In this _______ of Bach's fugue, Leopold Stokowski has distributed notes among different _______.
arrangement; instruments
In both the original and Stokowski's version of the Fugue in G Minor, the ______ repeats several times.
theme
Listen to excerpt 2.


Which of the following best describes the rhythmic progression?
slow beginning that speeds up
Each manual or keyboard on the Baroque organ is connected to ____________________.
a set of pipes.
The largest pipes on the Baroque organ, which can be up to 16 feet high, produce the highest notes.
fallse
Listen to excerpt 3.


This section, which includes different voices repeating the central theme, is called the ____________________.
exposition.
Listen to excerpt 4.


This later entry of the central theme is called __________
a middle entry.
In the Baroque Era, airflow in an organ was generated by ____________________.
Answer
Question 11 answers
a small boy.
Which of the following is NOT true of Bach?
His music was not appreciated during his lifetime.