Canon Law Midterm

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In the early third century a man by the name of Hippolytus is thought to have written:Traditio ApostolicaThe Traditio Apostolica was written in what language?GreekThe Traditio Apostolica detailed what two things:Rites and Practices of the Roman Christian community.In ca. 230 the Didascalia apostolorum was written for Christian communities in Syria by:Unknown AuthorThe Didascalia Apostolorum was written in SyriacTrueOne of the common denominators of all these early Christian texts is that their authority derived from:Apostolic OriginsWhat are the three things that were dealt with in the Early Christian Texts:Discipline, Doctrine and WorshipWe can say that Discipline, Doctrine and Worship are equal to Discipline, Doctrine, and Sacraments.FalseIn the study of the History of Canon Law two of the most important letters of St. Paul that we often refer to and hold in very high esteem are:1 Timothy and TitusIt is said that most likely St. Paul did not write 1 Timothy and Titus.TrueOne of the tasks that St. Paul entrusts to Titus is that he is to:Appoint elders and bishops in each city to govern the community.In Greek the term "episkopos" meansAn overseer or stewardTitus understands that the qualifications for an episkopos should be:Hospitable, Peaceful, Prudent, Humble.The best translation to English for "episcokopos" is:StewardIt is in 1 Timothy that we learn about the "house of God" (domus Dei).TrueCouncils came before Ecclesiastical AssembliesFalseEcclesiastical assemblies provided a forum for:Making doctrinal and disciplinary decisions, for garnering consent of the community, and for establishing norms for local communities.Modern scholars have concluded that the assembly described in Acts 15 having taken place in Jerusalem is a legitimate council.FalseThere is no evidence whatsoever that the Christian communities gathered together to decide matters of discipline or doctrine.FalseCouncils created many tensions in the emerging office of the monarchical bishop, specifically in reference to:Freedom to govern his Church.In what century did the bishops establish themselves as administrators of local churches?4th CenturyIn the fourth century bishops recognized their role in:governing the affairs of nearby churches as well as their responsibility to confront questions that touched upon the interests of the universal Church.The earliest council for which we have a set of legislative decrees was:Council of ElviraThe council of Elvira dealt with a wide range of matters, namely:clerical celibacy to apostasy.The first Roman Emperor to legalize Christianity was:Constantine the GreatThe council of Ancyra issued 25 canons that dealt with a variety of recent problems in the Church such as:Chastity, sex with animals, alienation of ecclesiastical property, adultery, and discipline of the clergy.Which council did Constantine the Great convene that did not report to have laymen that participated in its proceedings?Council of ArlesConstantine held the first Imperial CouncilTrueThe first Imperial Council dealt with:Doctrine and DisciplineHow many canons did the Council of Nicea produce?20In which century did the papacy assert its exclusive right to convene an ecumenical council?11 CenturyUp until the 4th Century, the four main sources used for the collections that were compiled were Sacred Scriptures, Apostolic Traditions, Customs, and Synodal Canons. During the course of the 4th century, two new sources are introduced. Those are:Writings of the Church Fathers and the Letters of the Bishop of RomeAmong the twelve bishops and patriarchs named in the canon as having authoritative force are:Athanasius and Cyril, (archbishops of Alexandria) Basil the Great, (archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia) Gregory, (bishop of Nyssa)A rescript is best defined as:responses to questionsIn the fourth and fifth centuries, papal decretal letters were often:RescriptsIn the fourth century, bishops in the Western church began to:turn to Rome for answers to questions about discipline and doctrine.Pope Damasus was the first to write back to:Bishop Himerius of TarragonaThe Bishop of Tarragona looked for clarification from the Holy Father on various topics. Some of those topics were:Validity of baptisms performed by heretics, rules for bestowing baptism, treatment of Christians who lapse into paganism, punishment of monks and nuns who have fornicated.The Pope that responded to the Bishop of Tarragona was not the one to who the bishop had originally written to. Who was the Pope who actually responded?SiriciusClerical celibacy and continence were issues in the Iberian Church.TrueThe pope mandated that married priests and deacons should:not have children after ordination (otherwise they lost their office and authority)Under the reign of Pope Siricius, standard practice would take shape, this change was that:there was more Papal Consultation with the Roman Curia as it is today.Dionysius Exiguus authored the Collectio Dionysiana. Which was:a private collection of canonical norms (it was NOT an official collection of canonical norms, or a papal decretal, or a CODE of canonical norms)Pope Hadrian I sent an augmented copy of the Collectio Dionysiana to:Charles the Great and renamed it Collectio Codico HadrianusCresconius composed a canonical collection in the sixth or seventh century. He is best known for:producing one of the first collections which were arranged systematically according to topics.Cresconius began his collection with_______and ended with_______baptism and the disciplining of clerics.Cresconius brought concord to his collection by:arranging and indexing them.Which collection influenced canonical collections in the Carolingian realm?Collectio HispanaJohn Scholastikos was:a priest from Antioch and worked in Rome. He is known for gathering canonical texts into a new collection.Justianian compiled his great codification during which time period530-535After publishing the Code, Justinian published his:Novellae which dealt strictly with ecclesiastical matters.Canon law began to merge with civil law, very much like in the time of Justinian. Where else in the sixth century did this occur?ConstantinopleThe nomokanons contain which two components?Canons and LawsThe two most important nomokanons are:the Nomokanon of 50 Titles and the Nomokanon of 14 Titles.The main sources for the compilation of the nomokanons were:Scholastikos' Synagoge of 50 Titles; Syntagma of Canons in 14 Titles and imperial laws taken from Justinian's codification.The Nomokanon of 14 Tiles was authored by:An unknown complierHow are the Nomokanons divided?Title and ChaptersWho began to write commentaries?Greek canonistsThe contrast between the Eastern and Western churches can be highlighted by multiple things. Nonetheless, what is it that interests us the most?The Respective Legal SystemsThe next great activity in the life of Canon Law began in:11th Century.The Spirit of Reform emerged in:the 11th CenturyThe Spirit of Reform meant:Churchmen searched the traditions of the Latin Church for texts that justified their viewsSome of the issues dealt with during the reform were:papal authority, monastic discipline, clerical marriage, simonyCanonical collections were used because they were authoritative and provided the law of the church. They always had an imprimatur from the local diocesan bishop and the Holy Father.FALSEThe 11th Century collections emerged for a particular reason.There should be a central authority that had the power to modify and to change law when needed.The 11th Century collections remained private and lacked official approval from the pope or anyone else.TrueThe First See can be judged by:NO ONEThe 11th Century collections are all arranged:topically (instead of chronologically)In the Collection in Seventy-Four Titles scholars believe that the collection was designed to:enhance the primacy of the popeBefore the 11th Century, there had never been so much focus on papal authority.TrueWho was the compiler of the Seventy-four Titles?Author UnknownThe 11th Century compilers emphasized two areas as never before in the canonical tradition. These two areas were:Papal Judicial and Legislative Primacy