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the outermost and thinnest of Earth's layers


the layer of the earth between the crust and the core


the center part of the Earth which includes the liquid outer core and solid inner core


a large section of Earth's crust and upper mantle


the shaking of Earth's surface caused by the release of energy along a fault


an opening in Earth's crust through which steam, lava, and ashes erupt

Mechanical Weathering

The type of weathering in which rock is physical force such as gravity, wind, water, ice, or living organisms

Chemical Weathering

the changing of materials in a rock by chemical processes


the laying down of material in a natural process


the movement of materials away from one place


type of rock formed when lava or magma cools and hardens


type of rock formed when sediments are pressed together and cemented together.


a type of rock formed when existing rock is
heated at high pressures and temperatures

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