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Intro to Public Health Quiz 1
absence of disease
anything that leads to discomfort, pain, distress, disability, or death
anything that takes the body out of homeostasis (biological)
historically been concerned with treating illness
medicine with individual "patient" focus
a priori science
medicine with a group focus
concerned with health promotion and disease prevention
the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency
John Snow discovered...
assessment, policy development, assurance
core function to monitor and investigate
formulating rules and laws to remove or lessen threats and risks
confidence building/a pledge of dedication to protecting the public's health
enforce, assure, evaluate
the study of the frequency, distribution and causes of disease in populations.
the study of the role of physical and social environments in promoting health
the study of health problems and concerns that transcend national boundaries
social and behavioral determinants
the study of individual and group behaviors that affect health as well as the study of behavior change
the study of the role of laws and policies in promoting health
public health biology
the study of the pathogenisis of disease with a focus on identifying the critical points at which it can be prevented or interrupted
epi and stats
the basis for the assessment functions of public health, including the collection and analysis of information.
increase in the frequency of a disease above the usual and expected rate
count cases of a disease, and when they detect an epidemic, become investigators
the total number of cases existing in a defined population at a specific time.
study who, where, and when to figure out why
the rate of new cases of a disease in a defined population over a defined period of time.
characterizes the disease victims by such factors as age, race, gender, socioeconomic status
looks for trends in disease frequency over time
looks at comparisons of disease in difference cities, counties, states, regions, or countries
gives clues about the determinants of the disease
answers to the person, place and time questions to provide clues about the causes of a disease
Measure of association
answers the why question
gold standard in research studies
study that uses a large number of disease free people; select subjects based on exposure
framington heart study is what type?
ratio of the incidence rate for persons exposed to the factor to the incidence rate for persons in the unexposed group
RR = 1
RR > 1
RR < 1
study that selects based on disease status; retrospective
used to measure the strength of association between exposure and disease
error due to sampling variability
error due to things other than sampling variability
large sample size
large effect size
control for confounding factors
known biological association
study findings can be replicated
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