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52 terms

Public Health

Intro to Public Health Quiz 1
STUDY
PLAY
health
absence of disease
disease
anything that leads to discomfort, pain, distress, disability, or death
disease
anything that takes the body out of homeostasis (biological)
biomedicine
post-hoc science
biomedicine
historically been concerned with treating illness
biomedicine
medicine with individual "patient" focus
public health
a priori science
public health
medicine with a group focus
public health
concerned with health promotion and disease prevention
public health
the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency
cholera
John Snow discovered...
core functions
assessment, policy development, assurance
assessment
core function to monitor and investigate
policy development
formulating rules and laws to remove or lessen threats and risks
assurance
confidence building/a pledge of dedication to protecting the public's health
assurance
enforce, assure, evaluate
epidemiology
the study of the frequency, distribution and causes of disease in populations.
environmental health
the study of the role of physical and social environments in promoting health
global health
the study of health problems and concerns that transcend national boundaries
social and behavioral determinants
the study of individual and group behaviors that affect health as well as the study of behavior change
health policy
the study of the role of laws and policies in promoting health
public health biology
the study of the pathogenisis of disease with a focus on identifying the critical points at which it can be prevented or interrupted
epi and stats
the basis for the assessment functions of public health, including the collection and analysis of information.
epidemic
increase in the frequency of a disease above the usual and expected rate
epidemiologists
count cases of a disease, and when they detect an epidemic, become investigators
prevalence
the total number of cases existing in a defined population at a specific time.
epidemiologists
study who, where, and when to figure out why
incidence
the rate of new cases of a disease in a defined population over a defined period of time.
who
characterizes the disease victims by such factors as age, race, gender, socioeconomic status
when
looks for trends in disease frequency over time
where
looks at comparisons of disease in difference cities, counties, states, regions, or countries
distribution
gives clues about the determinants of the disease
descriptive epi
answers to the person, place and time questions to provide clues about the causes of a disease
correlation
Measure of association
analytic epi
answers the why question
intervention
gold standard in research studies
cohort
study that uses a large number of disease free people; select subjects based on exposure
cohort
framington heart study is what type?
relative risk
ratio of the incidence rate for persons exposed to the factor to the incidence rate for persons in the unexposed group
no association
RR = 1
increased risk
RR > 1
decreased risk
RR < 1
case control
study that selects based on disease status; retrospective
odds ratio
used to measure the strength of association between exposure and disease
random
error due to sampling variability
systematic
error due to things other than sampling variability
overcome limitations
large sample size
overcome limitations
reduce variability
overcome limitations
large effect size
overcome limitations
control for confounding factors
overcome limitations
known biological association
overcome limitations
study findings can be replicated