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Chapter 1 Quiz: Abnormal Behavior
mindtap, mindtap, mindtap... thats all i ever hear.
Terms in this set (19)
Kurtis was already struggling with symptoms including hallucinations and delusions when he was diagnosed with schizophrenia and began taking medication and participating in therapy groups. Although his symptoms have lessened markedly, he has repeatedly expressed the belief that he will inevitably wind up unemployed and homeless or will perhaps commit a violent crime and wind up in prison for the rest of his life. This tendency of an individual with a disorder to believe the worst stereotypes of individuals with the disorder is called _____.
According to a 2018 report from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), what percentage of U.S. adults aged 18-25 had experienced a severe mental disorder such as schizophrenia during the previous 12 months?
Those who espoused the belief that demons caused mental illness might rely on which procedure to get the demons out of the person's body?
What is the "etiology" of a disorder?
The proposed causes of the disorder
Thomas Szasz asserted that mental illness is a fictional creation that society uses to control and change people who do not conform to its preferred norms. Which psychological perspective is consistent with his viewpoint?
Techniques for treating hysteria that were used by Friedrich Anton Mesmer, an Austrian physician, led to the discovery that which of the following can cause certain symptoms of mental and physical disorders?
Which approach to understanding mental disorders is based on the belief that cognitive, interpersonal, emotional, and similar factors play an important role in the genesis of mental disorders?
Johann Weyer (1515-1588) asserted that many people who were tortured, imprisoned, and burned as witches were mentally disturbed, not possessed by demons. His book helped pave the way for a perspective that emphasized which values?
According to a 2018 report from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), what percentage of U.S. adults aged 18-25 had experienced a mental disorder (not including a drug or alcohol use disorder) during the previous 12 months?
Kraepelin's system for classifying mental illnesses was based on _____.
the presumed physiological causes of the disorders
What are the major criteria involved in determining whether a given behavior represents psychopathology?
distress, deviance, dysfunction, and dangerousness
What is a psychiatric epidemiologist likely to study?
the percentage of a population that has a specific disorder during a specific interval of time
Which mental health professional typically has a doctoral degree, had an internship, and focuses on life-adjustment problems rather than mental illnesses?
Which branch of psychology concentrates on finding ways to facilitate optimal human functioning by addressing personal strengths, civic virtues, and psychological resilience?
What is cultural relativism?
The belief that the expression and determination of abnormal behavior is influenced by lifestyles, cultural values, and worldviews
In which approach to healthcare might insurers in the private sector monitor and control the delivery of services?
Researchers have found that the social stigma of mental disorders _____.
is particularly challenging for those who are also stigmatized for reasons besides mental illness
The vast majority of people who are mentally ill _____.
do not commit crimes, harm others, or get into legal trouble
Tamica works at an urban mental health center that serves a population in which a high percentage of people are recent immigrants or first-generation Americans and most are impoverished. Their lives are considerably different from what Tamica has experienced and she often finds herself diagnosing multiple disorders in her clients, many more than what she diagnosed when working with a less-marginalized population. Her supervisor challenges her and asks whether she might be unconsciously exaggerating the severity of clients' problems and diagnosing disorders in individuals who are struggling with, what for them, are simply every-day stressors. This tendency to exaggerate the severity of symptoms and disorders is called _____.
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