History Chapter 21


Terms in this set (...)

Triple Entente
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary assassinated by a Serbian in 1914. His murder was one of the causes of WW I.
Naval Blockade
Union forces prevented the passage of trade goods, supplies, and arms to and from the Confederacy by blocking Atlantic and Gulf Coast.
(WW), British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed 1,000 lives. One of main reasons US decided to join the war.
Zimmermann Telegram
A telegram Germany sent to Mexico to convince them to attack the U.S. In exchange, if the Central Powers won, Mexico could regain territory it lost to the U.S. during the 1846 Mexican War.
Triple Alliance
A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding World War I
Woodrow Wilson
President during WWI, Sedition Act, League of Nations
Submarine Warfare
Used during World War I mainly between German U-Boats and Atlantic supply convoys for Great Britain
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Convoy System
Protection of merchant ships from U-boat attacks by having ships travel in large groups escorted by warships.
American Expeditionary Force
the U.S. forces, led by Gen. John Pershing, who fought with the allies in Europe during WWI
The Muse Argonne Offensive
The final surge of the allies that broke through the German line into France. It broke through the Seden railway which was the main source of supplies for the Germans - this really hurt Germany
battles in the air between individual pilots from opposing countries
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
General John Pershing
General of the American Expeditionary Force in WWI
Class of modern battleship launched by Britain before the war; triggered naval rivalry, especially with Germany.
Liberty Bonds
Where people bought bonds so the government could get that money now for war. The bonds increased in interest over time.
Civilian Advisory Commission
They set up local defense councils in states and localities all over america.
Ludlow Massacre
Strike at a Colorado mine turns into violence as National guard troops set fire to tents and shoot at strikers. 13 strikers die.
Women's Bureau
created with the Department of Labor to improve the status of working women
Council of National Defense
This council was composed of members of Wilson's cabinet and was designed to help the economy meet war needs. They wanted to use a more centralized approach to do so.
National War Labor Board
A board that negotiated labor disputes and gave workers what they wanted to prevent strikes that would disrupt the war
the Great Migration
1914-1945; mass movement of African Americans from the South to the North; reasons = jobs, prejudice, crop failures; leads to race riots in the North
Womens Peace Party
Group of women pacifists who found and orginazation to bring war to an end
Sabotage Act
these laws made it a crime to say or print or even write anything negative about the government
100 percent Americanism
Celebrated all things American while it attacked ideas and people that were foreign. They also viewed these ideas and people as anti-American.
Committee on Public Information
Organization also known as the Creel Commision which was responsible for rallying American's around the war effort through propaganda
Espionage Act
1917 act gave the government new ways to combat spying
Sedition Act
1918 law that made it illegal to criticize the government
President Wilson's idealistic world view of opposing imperialism, war, revolution and the belief in democracy/democratic peace theory
David Lloyd George
Britain's prime minister at the end of World War I whose goal was to make the Germans pay for the other countries' staggering war losses
Vittorio Orlando
He was the Italian representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for Italy to acquire Dalmatia accounting to the secret Treaty of London
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Fourteen Points
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
George Clemenceau
French Premier who wanted Germany stripped of all weapons vast German payments for costs of war, separate Rhineland to serve as buffer state
The Big Four
Italy, France, England, and the U.S. 4 powers who met at Versallies to discuss peace
The Mandate System
result of "League" administration; place German and Turkish Colonies under the control of other imperial nations
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
Boston Police Strike
Police went on strike for better wages and working conditions
Marcus Garvey
A Harlem political leader who promoted the resettlement of American blacks in their African homeland
The American Communist Party
a communist political organization that sponsored anti-fascist cultural groups
Palmer Raids
1920: a series a government attacks on suspected radicals in the United States led by the U.S. attorney general A. Mitchell Palmer
Steelworkers' Strike
miners wanted to unionize and protest the 'swing shift.' The strike was poorly organized, led to violence and failed.
United Negro Improvement Association
A group founded by Marcus Garvey to promote the settlement of American blacks in their own "African homeland"
The Red Scare
A widespread fear of Communism in America provoked by the public's association of labor violence with its fear of revolution.
Return to Normalcy
Hoardings promise at the election of 1920 saying that everything is going to go back to the way it was before the war