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65 terms

Medial Terms Ch 7 SCTI

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Adenoidectomy
Excision of the adenoids
Aneurysm
A ballooning out of the wall of a vessel, usually an artery, caused by congenital defect of weakness of the vessel wall
Angina pectoris
Severe pain and constriction around the heart caused by insufficient blood supply
Angiocardiography
Roentgenography of the heart and great vessels
Angiomas
Tumors consisting principally of blood vessels or lymph vessels
Antihypertensive
A drug that is used to treat high blood pressure
Aortic
Pertaining to the largest artery in the body
Aortoplasty
Surgical repair of the aorta
Arterioles
Small arteries that receive blood from arteries
Arteriosclerosis
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries
Atherosclerosis
Formation of fatty, cholesterol-like deposits on the walls of arteries
Atria
Upper heart chambers
Bradycardia
Slow pulse
Capillary
Smallest blood vessel
Cardiac Catheterization
Passage of a long, flexible tube into the heart chamber through a vein
Cardiac pacemaker
An electrical device that can keep the heart rhythm within a desirable range
Cardiomyopathy
A general term that designates primary myocardial disease
Cardiopulmonary
Pertaining to the heart and lungs
Cardiovascular
Pertaining to theheart and blood vessels
Cardioversion
Electric shock used to terminate cardiac arrhythmias
Cerebrovascular accident
Another term for stroke or stroke syndrome
Congestive heart failure
A condition characterized by weakness, shortness of breath, and edema of the lower portions of the body
Defibrillator
Instrument used in defibrillation
Dysrhythmia
Irregularity of the heartbeat
Echocardiography
Use of ultrasound in diagnosing heart disease
Electrocardiogram
The name of the record produced by recording the electrical currents of the heart muscle
Embolism
The sudden blocking of an artery or lymph vessel by foreign material that has been brought by the circulating blood
Embolus
A mass of undissolved matter present in a vessel and brought there by the circulating blood
Endocarditis
Inflammation of the lining of the heart
Endocardium
The membrane that forms the lining inside the heart
Endoscope
A device consisting of a tube and optical system that is used to observe inside a hollow organ of cavity
Fibrillation
A severe cardiac arrhythmia in which contractions are rapid, uncoordinated, and ineffective
Homeostasis
Equilibrium of the internal environment of the body
Hyperlipidemia
An excessive quantity of fat in the blood
Hypertension
Increased blood pressure
Hypotension
Decreased blood pressure
Ischemia
A temporary deficiency of blood supply to any body part
Lipid
Fat or fatlike substance
Liver
A structure that is not part of the lympahtic system
Lymph
The fluid transported by lymphatic vessels
Lymphadenitis
Inflammation of a lymph node
Lymphangiography
Roentgenography of the lympahtic vessels and nodes
Lymphadenopathy
Any disease of the lymph nodes
Lymphedema
Swelling that results from obstructon of a lymphatic vessel
Murmur
A soft blowing or rasping heart sound
Myocardial
Pertaining to heart muscle
Myocardial infraction
Death of part of the heart muscle
Myocarditis
Inflammation of the heart muscle
Occlusion
Blockage
Pericarditis
Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
Phlebectomy
Excision of a vein or a segment of it
Polyarteritis
Inflammation of many arteries
Shock
A serious condition in which blood flow to the heart is reduced to such an extent that body tissues do not receive enough blood
Splenomegaly
Enlarged spleen
Tachycardia
Increased pulse rate
Thrombophlebitis
Inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot
Thrombosis
The presence of a thrombus
Tonsillectomy
Removal of the tonsils
Tonsillitis
Inflammation of the palatine tonsils
Vasodilation
An increase in the diameter of a blood vessel
Antiarrhythmic
a drug used to treat an abnormal heart rhythm
Arteriography
roentgenographic examination of arteries
Catheter
tube for injection or removing fluids
Diuretic
any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine
Triglyceride
a lipid made of three fatty acid molecules and one glycerol molecule