AP World History - AP Review - Period 1
Period 1 Review - Mrs. Hofschneider
Terms in this set (34)
The change from food gathering to food production that occurred between ca. 8000 and 2000 B.C.E. Also known as the Neolithic Revolution.
The largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. It achieved particular eminence as the capital of the Amorite king Hammurabi in the eighteenth century B.C.E. and the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in the sixth century B.C.E. (p. 29)
an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements
First major urban civilization in South America. Capital is de Huantar, was located in the Andes Mountains of Peru. Has 2 distinct ecological zones, the Peruvian Costal Plain and the Andean Foothills.
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)
Code of Hammurabi
the set of laws drawn up by Babylonian king Hammurabi dating to the 18th century BC, the earliest legal code known in its entirety
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia
people who support themselves by hunting wild animals and gathering wild edible plants and insects
Amorite ruler of Babylon (r. 1792-1750 B.C.E.). He conquered many city-states in southern and northern Mesopotamia and is best known for a code of laws, inscribed on a black stone pillar, illustrating the principles to be used in legal cases.
Site of one of the great cities of the Indus Valley civilization of the third millennium B.C.E. It was located on the northwest frontier of the zone of cultivation , and may have been a center for the acquisition of raw materials. (p. 48)
an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
A people from central Anatolia who established an empire in Anatolia and Syria in the Late Bronze Age. With wealth from the trade in metals and military power based on chariot forces, the hittites vied with New Kingdom Egypt over Syria
the period following the Bronze Age; characterized by rapid spread of iron tools and weapons
An African state that developed along the upper reaches of the Nile c. 100 B.C.E.; conquered Egypt and ruled it for several centuries.
wild or domesticated South American cud-chewing animal related to camels but smaller and lacking a hump
Largest city of the Indus Valley civilization. It was centrally located in the extensive floodplain of the Indus River. Little is known about the political institutions of Indus Valley communities, but the large-scale implies central planning.
belief in a single God
Capital of a flourishing kingdom in southern Nubia from the fourth century B.C.E. to the fourth century C.E.. In this period Nubian culture shows more independence from Egypt and the influence of Sub-Saharan Africa.
a body embalmed and dried and wrapped for burial (as in ancient Egypt)
A major Mesopotamian empire between 934-608 BCE. They used force and terror and exploited the wealth and labor of their subjects. They were an iron-age resurgence of a previous bronze age empire.
Under the Chaldaeans (nomadic kinship groups that settled in southern Mesopotamia in the early first millennium B.C.E.), Babylon again became a major political and cultural center in the seventh and sixth centuries B.C.E. After participating in the destruction of Assyrian power, the monarchs Nabopolassar and Nebuchadnezzar took over the southern portion of the Assyrian domains.
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)
a member of an early Mesoamerican civilization contered around Veracruz that flourished between 1300 and 400 BC
second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC
based on or tracing descent through the male line
the title of the ancient Egyptian kings
located on eastern Mediterranean coast; invented the alphabet which used sounds rather than symbols like cuneiform
a sharp-pointed awl for marking wood or metal to be cut
of or relating to or characteristic of Semites
The historical period characterized by the production of tools from stone and other nonmetallic substances. It was followed in some places by the Bronze Age
People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia through the end of the 3rd Millennium BCE. Responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.
a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
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