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Vocabulary words relating to the plot of a story.


sequence of events in a story


introduces setting, characters, and basic situation


struggle between opposing forces

external conflict

outside force; may be between two characters caused by a difference in ideas or personalities; man vs. nature

rising action

introduces and develops the conflict


feeling of anxious uncertainty about the outcome of events in a literary work; keeps the reader interested


high point of interest or purpose

falling action

end of central conflict


event occurring during the falling action; conflict solved


character or force in conflict with a main character


feeling created in the reader by a literary work


person or animal that takes part in the action of a literary work

main/ major character

most important character

minor character

lesser role in the story but helps develop the main character

flat character

one sided and stereotypical

round character

fully developed and has many traits

dynamic character

one who changes or grows during a story

static character

one who does not change


process by which authors create memorable characters

direct characterization

author tells about the character

indirect characterization

the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others

internal conflict

in the mind of the character; man vs. self


portrait of a person, place, or object


form of language spoken by people in a certain region or group


conversation between characters


scene within a story showing past events during a present scene


author's hinting about future events in the story


character whose actions are inspiring or noble


a suprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions or problems


excessive pride usually causing the downfall of characters

verbal irony

words used to suggest the opposite of their usual meanings

dramatic irony

a contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader or audience knows to be true

irony of situation

event that contradicts the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience


feeling created in the reader by a literary work


speaker who tells a story

point of view

perspective from which story is told


main character


time and place of the story or action

short story

brief work of fiction


anything that represents something else


central message, concern, or purpose;"insight into life"; gift of meaning that the author gives you; underlying mesage


writer's attitude toward reader or subject

historical setting

places and events from history through the eyes of a fictional character


reasons behind a character's actions

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