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25 terms

Bio Ch 7, Photosynthesis

STUDY
PLAY
Photosynthesis
process where plants transform light energy into food
Chloroplasts
light absorbing organelles found in the cells of plants. (site of photosynthesis)
Chlorophyll
light absorbing pigment in the chloroplasts
Thylakoid
bubble of membrane inside chloroplasts.
Cyanobacteria
photosynthetic bacteria
ATP
the molecule providing energy for the cell to do anything (Adenosine Tri-phosphate)
ADP
adenosine di-phosphate
Light Reactions
energy of light is going to be captured in the form of the two molecules ATP and NADPH
NADPH
electron taxi with passengers
NADP+
empty taxi, without electron passengers
Photosystem
bunch of chlorophyll molecules
Function of ATP in cells
provides energy for the cell in everything that it does, transportation, muscle function, etc.
Colors green plants absorb
red, blue/violet
Calvin Cycle
In this system, CO2 comes in and the output is glucose
glucose and oxygen
The end products of photosynthesis are _____ and _____
oxygen source stored energy.
Which of the following includes some of the benefits of photosynthesis?
NADPH
Which of the following is produced by the light reactions of photosynthesis and consumed by the Calvin cycle?
deforestation
Global warming could be magnified by __________.
UV radiation and infrared radiation
In the electromagnetic spectrum, the type of radiation that we call visible light occurs between __________.
blue-violet and red-orange
chloroplasts absorb light mainly in the _____ and _____ part of the spectrum.
chlorophyll a
Which of the following is a pigment that participates directly in the light reactions by absorbing mainly blue-violet and red light?
shorter and greater
The _____ the wavelength of light, the _____ the energy of a photon.
splitting water
When light strikes chlorophyll molecules, they lose electrons, which are ultimately replaced by other electrons obtained by __________.
make sugar
The overall function of the Calvin cycle is __________.
NADPH
Which of the following provides a source of energy for the Calvin Cycle?