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largest part in which cabinet members are leaders of; many affairs held in here ex:Justice
smaller agencies that don't have cabinet leaders ex: Food and Drug Administration
exam taken about the position you want to hold in the government agency; majority of people get their jobs this way and are considered experts in their field of study
given by congress to bureaucrats to make decisions over general topics ex:FDA makes rules and regulation for food approval
science of muddling through
concept that bureaucracy is not able to delay time to look at all options present & this results in choosing the best option in the most reasonable time
no part of agency/program can exist without Congress' consent; a yearly "checkup" to make agency official
a subgov't (happening under radar of President) 3 parts:interest groups, committees of Congress, & bureaucrats to carry out laws
Hatch Act (1939)
people in the bureaucracy can't carry political parties into the office; can't let partisanship get in way of work
whistleblower protection act
if you expose a corrupt gov't official/program you cannot get fired for "snitching"
Privacy Act (1974)
laws protecting peoples privacy; protects all private information that cannot be shown unless given permission to do so
competing for "turf"/ imperialism
when an agency tries to expand their department to make theres more superior; agencies get too crowded
someone who comes forth and exposes a public servant/program who has been involved in a corrupt or criminal action
a legal, medical, or other system or agency that discharges criminals, patients, etc., in the shortest possible time and without adequate attention or consideration
the administrative process that results in the issurance of regulations of gov't agencies
gov't intervention in the workings of business to promote some socially desired goal/ the opposite
total quality management
a management philosophy emphasizing listening closely to customers, breaking down barriers between parts of an organization, and continually improving quality
Government Performance and Results Act
a law requiring each gov't agency to implement quantifiable standards to measure its performance in meeting stated program goals
a resolution passed by one or both houses of a legislature that is intended to nullify an administrative regulation or action
administrative procedure act (1946)
governs way administrative agencies may propose and establish regulations & sets up process to review agency decisions
Freedom of Info Act (1966)
set rules on access to information or records held by government bodies; specifies process in which to make reviewing gov't documents legal & public
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