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34 terms

Bureaucracy*

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Factors -> Growth
reasons for growth of bureaucracy:technology, national emergency
department
largest part in which cabinet members are leaders of; many affairs held in here ex:Justice
independent agency
smaller agencies that don't have cabinet leaders ex: Food and Drug Administration
regulatory commission
concern with $ and the economy ex:Interstate Regulatory Commission
Government corporation
gov't ran program ex:post office
civil service
exam taken about the position you want to hold in the government agency; majority of people get their jobs this way and are considered experts in their field of study
administrative discretion
given by congress to bureaucrats to make decisions over general topics ex:FDA makes rules and regulation for food approval
science of muddling through
concept that bureaucracy is not able to delay time to look at all options present & this results in choosing the best option in the most reasonable time
annual authorization
no part of agency/program can exist without Congress' consent; a yearly "checkup" to make agency official
iron triangle
a subgov't (happening under radar of President) 3 parts:interest groups, committees of Congress, & bureaucrats to carry out laws
Pendleton Act (1883)
created civil service exam
Hatch Act (1939)
people in the bureaucracy can't carry political parties into the office; can't let partisanship get in way of work
whistleblower protection act
if you expose a corrupt gov't official/program you cannot get fired for "snitching"
Privacy Act (1974)
laws protecting peoples privacy; protects all private information that cannot be shown unless given permission to do so
REGO
political candidates/officials being polite and giving a more friendly attitude
red tape
too much information; making things too complicated when it is not necessary to do so
duplication
two agencies competing for the same program, ending in a gridlock
competing for "turf"/ imperialism
when an agency tries to expand their department to make theres more superior; agencies get too crowded
waste
when agency gets noting accomplished, wastes time and money
whistle blower
someone who comes forth and exposes a public servant/program who has been involved in a corrupt or criminal action
oversight
to oversee gov't programs to make sure laws are doing all things justice and adequate
revolving door
a legal, medical, or other system or agency that discharges criminals, patients, etc., in the shortest possible time and without adequate attention or consideration
rule making
the administrative process that results in the issurance of regulations of gov't agencies
regulations
administrative rules that guide the operation of a gov't program
regulation/deregulation
gov't intervention in the workings of business to promote some socially desired goal/ the opposite
norm
an organization's informal, unwritten rules that guide individual behavior
incrementalism
policymaking characterized by a series of decisions, each instituting modest change
implementation
the process of putting specific policies into operation
total quality management
a management philosophy emphasizing listening closely to customers, breaking down barriers between parts of an organization, and continually improving quality
Government Performance and Results Act
a law requiring each gov't agency to implement quantifiable standards to measure its performance in meeting stated program goals
legislative veto
a resolution passed by one or both houses of a legislature that is intended to nullify an administrative regulation or action
administrative procedure act (1946)
governs way administrative agencies may propose and establish regulations & sets up process to review agency decisions
Freedom of Info Act (1966)
set rules on access to information or records held by government bodies; specifies process in which to make reviewing gov't documents legal & public
Open meeting law (1976)
allows access to government meetings, not just to the records of them