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Factors -> Growth

reasons for growth of bureaucracy:technology, national emergency


largest part in which cabinet members are leaders of; many affairs held in here ex:Justice

independent agency

smaller agencies that don't have cabinet leaders ex: Food and Drug Administration

regulatory commission

concern with $ and the economy ex:Interstate Regulatory Commission

Government corporation

gov't ran program ex:post office

civil service

exam taken about the position you want to hold in the government agency; majority of people get their jobs this way and are considered experts in their field of study

administrative discretion

given by congress to bureaucrats to make decisions over general topics ex:FDA makes rules and regulation for food approval

science of muddling through

concept that bureaucracy is not able to delay time to look at all options present & this results in choosing the best option in the most reasonable time

annual authorization

no part of agency/program can exist without Congress' consent; a yearly "checkup" to make agency official

iron triangle

a subgov't (happening under radar of President) 3 parts:interest groups, committees of Congress, & bureaucrats to carry out laws

Pendleton Act (1883)

created civil service exam

Hatch Act (1939)

people in the bureaucracy can't carry political parties into the office; can't let partisanship get in way of work

whistleblower protection act

if you expose a corrupt gov't official/program you cannot get fired for "snitching"

Privacy Act (1974)

laws protecting peoples privacy; protects all private information that cannot be shown unless given permission to do so


political candidates/officials being polite and giving a more friendly attitude

red tape

too much information; making things too complicated when it is not necessary to do so


two agencies competing for the same program, ending in a gridlock

competing for "turf"/ imperialism

when an agency tries to expand their department to make theres more superior; agencies get too crowded


when agency gets noting accomplished, wastes time and money

whistle blower

someone who comes forth and exposes a public servant/program who has been involved in a corrupt or criminal action


to oversee gov't programs to make sure laws are doing all things justice and adequate

revolving door

a legal, medical, or other system or agency that discharges criminals, patients, etc., in the shortest possible time and without adequate attention or consideration

rule making

the administrative process that results in the issurance of regulations of gov't agencies


administrative rules that guide the operation of a gov't program


gov't intervention in the workings of business to promote some socially desired goal/ the opposite


an organization's informal, unwritten rules that guide individual behavior


policymaking characterized by a series of decisions, each instituting modest change


the process of putting specific policies into operation

total quality management

a management philosophy emphasizing listening closely to customers, breaking down barriers between parts of an organization, and continually improving quality

Government Performance and Results Act

a law requiring each gov't agency to implement quantifiable standards to measure its performance in meeting stated program goals

legislative veto

a resolution passed by one or both houses of a legislature that is intended to nullify an administrative regulation or action

administrative procedure act (1946)

governs way administrative agencies may propose and establish regulations & sets up process to review agency decisions

Freedom of Info Act (1966)

set rules on access to information or records held by government bodies; specifies process in which to make reviewing gov't documents legal & public

Open meeting law (1976)

allows access to government meetings, not just to the records of them

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