World War 1
Terms in this set (34)
The belief that ones military is really strong and they think their military could take down anyone else. Strong belief and love in military.
The belief that a larger stronger county goes and takes over smaller and weaker countries. The stronger countries usually seek something that will play to their advantage when picking their countries to take over.
The belief that ones country is the best and that their country is right. Take pride in their country.
A group of nations or organizations formed to support a common goal.
The Triple Alliance was a military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy that lasted from 1882 until the start of WWI in 1914
The Triple Entente (from French entente, "agreement") was the name given to the loose alignment of Great Britain, France, and Russia after the signing of the Angle-Russia Entente in 1907.
a number of overlapping claims to territories and spheres of influence between the major European powers such as Russia, the Ottoman Empire, and Austria-Hungary to a lesser degree, Germany, GB, and Italy. In addition to the imperialistic ambitions and interests in this region, there was a growth in nationalism which lead to more independent states
His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia. This caused countries allied with Austria-Hungary
After Sarajevo, Count Leopold von Berchtold, the Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister, drew up a letter for the Emperor Francis Joseph to sign and send to Wilhelm II to try and convince both of Serbia's responsibility.
The ending result of the Austria-Hungary war with Serbia
The Schlieffen Plan was the German General Staff's early 20th century overall strategic plan for victory both on the Western Front against France and against Russia in the east, taking advantage of expected differences in the three countries' speed in preparing for war.
The Central Powers consisted of the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Bulgaria. The name "Central Powers" is derived from the location of these countries.
Its primary members were the German empire and Austria-Hungary, the "central" European states that were at war from August 1914 against France, Britain, and Russia.
War of attrition
is a protracted conflict in which one side attempts to wear down its enemy by continuously engaging in battle.
Trench warfare is a form of warfare where both combatants have fortified positions and fighting lines are static. Trench warfare arose when a revolution in fire power was not matched by similar advances in mobility.
Where a country focus all of the elements and economics solely on the war to make sure that their armies have full support from home country
New weapons that were used in WWI that had never been seen before in past wars
People who were at home helping out the war effort. Women played a vital role in the making of weapons and goods.
Where people cut back on food so that the government had more money and supplies for the troops
Advertisement that was used to help promote the war in a positive way and get people to join the army
unrestricted submarine warfare
Unrestricted submarine warfare is a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink merchant ships without warning, as opposed to attacks per prize regulations.
Small fights within the war which provided vital land and territory for countries advantage
Verdun, Somme, Jutland
These are the main battles within WWI - Many people died in these fights. These are concidered some of the key elements of the war.
1917 - U.S. entry into the war and Russian withdrawal
When the U-boats suck a U.S. ship costing many American lives. This is a major turning point of the war.
The American president which created the 14 points after the war in attempts to clean up the mess and prevent it from happening again
Created by President Wilson where points to help clean up the affects of the war. These 14 points let Germany off easily, which proved to be a vital difference than the Treaty of Versailles
An armistice is a situation in a war where the warring parties agree to stop fighting. It is not necessarily the end of a war
Paris Peace Conference
The Paris Peace Conference was the meeting of the Allied victors in World War I to set the peace terms for germany and other defeated nations, and to deal with the empires of the defeated powers.
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treatiesat the end of World War I. It ended the state of warbetween Germany and the Allied Powers. Vital difference between this and the 14 points was that the T.O.V was much harsher on Germany.
"war guilt" clause
The Germans were forced to accept that they caused WWI - Germany was forced to reduuce army, give up land, and pay money to name a few.
Money that countries were forced to repay after causing major deaths and issues throughout the WWI
an order or commission granted by the League of Nations to a member nation for the establishment of a responsible government over a former German colony or other conquered territory
League of Nations
The League of Nations (LoN) was a supranational organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919-1920. This helped solve many of the issues that arise after WWI.
Consequences of World War I
The 14 points and the many treaties that followed put harsh restrictions on Germany which would eventually pave way for the nationalistic upraising the Hitler brings to Germany. Also many alliances were broken up after WWI to prevent another major war.