all the jeopardy questions used in class. 9/22/2011
Reverse Jeopardy Game Template created by Rita Al-Abdullah, Laura Bush, and Jennifer Santos.
Spring 2004, Arizona State University. May be used or adapted for educational use if properly credited
Examples of these Fluids include: - Cerebrospinal -Pericardial - Pancreatic - Pleural - Synovial
What are transcellular fluids?
*Found in the skeleton and intracellular fluid *2nd most abundant cation *Normal serum levels are 1.5-2.5 mEq/L *Necessary for protein DNA synthesis *Found in grains, nuts, dried fruits, legumes and green leafy vegetables
What is Magnesium?
-This fluid loss occurs through the skin and the lungs -It is usually not detectable and cannot be measured -Normally accounts for 300-400mL of fluid loss/day
What is insensible losses?
-Total serum calcium of over 10.5mg/dL -May be due to prolonged immobilization -s/s of lethargy, weakness, anorexia, n/v, constipation, depressed tendon reflexes, polyuria
What is hypercalcemia?
Abnormal labs related to Respiratory Alkalosis
What is a pH greater than 7.45 AND PaCO2 < 35?
The Movement of water across cell membranes from the less concentrated to the more concentrated solution
What is Osmosis
-Most abundant cation in the extracellular fluid -It is found in most body secretions -Usually accompanies any water imbalances
What is sodium Na+?
-Primary regulator of fluid intake -Located in the hypothalamus of the brain -Osmotic pressure and vascular volume and angiotensin trigger it.
What is the thirst mechanism?
-Water is drawn out of the vascular compartment into interstitial tissues and cells -Lethargy, confusion, weakness -Muscle twitching, cramping -Headache seizures, coma
What is hyponatremia?
Normal serum levels are 135-145 mEq/L
What is Sodium (Na+)?
-Urine -Insensible loss -Loss through the skin -Loss through feces
What are fluid Losses?
-Major cation in intracellular fluid -Vital electrolyted for skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle activity -Involved in maintaining acid/base balance -Normal levels are 3.5-5 mEq/L
What is potassium?
-Body retains both water and sodium -Edema may be present -Weight gain -Fluid intake greater than output
What is fluid volume excess (FVE) or hypervolemia?