21 terms

Endocrine System

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Hypothalamus
Signals posterior and anterior pituitary glands.
FSH
Anterior Pituitary Glands.
Stimulates activities of the testes and ovaries.
LH
Anterior Pituitary Glands.
Stimulates ovulation, testosterone, and synthesis of estrogen/progesterone.
TSH
Anterior Pituitary Glands.
Regulates rate of metabolism + Stimulates thyroid hormones.
STH (HGH)
Anterior Pituitary Glands.
Human Growth Hormone. Stimulates protein synthesis.
ACTH
Anterior Pituitary Glands.
Stimulates adrenal cortical hormones (help cope with stress)
Prolactin
Anterior Pituitary Glands.
Controls lactogenesis and release of GnRH (ovulation)
ADH
Posterior Pituitary Glands.
Stimulates re-absorption of water in the collecting duct.
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary Glands.
Stimulates milk ejection.
Epinephrine
Adrenal Medulla.
aka Adrenaline. Increase blood glucose level + metabolic activity.
Norepinephrine
Adrenal Medulla.
Responsible for vigilant concentration.
Glucocorticorid
Adrenal Cortex.
Regulates metabolism of glucose and turns immune activity (inflammation) down.
Mineralcorticoid
Adrenal Cortex.
Influences water and salt balance (i.e. blood sodium concentration)
Insulin
Pancreatic hormones.
Lowers blood sugar by promoting glycogen formation.
Glucagon
Pancreatic hormones.
Raises blood sugar by promoting glycogen to glucose conversion.
Estrogen
Found in ovaries.
Stimulates LH and development in women.
Progesterone
Found in ovaries.
Regulates menstrual cycle and pregnancy.
Androgens
Found in testes.
Stimulates and controls the development and maintainance of male characteristics.
Calcitonin
Thyroid hormones.
Lowers blood calcium level.
T3 and T4
Thyroid hormones.
Stimulates metabolic activities.
PTH
Parathyroid.
Controls calcium and phosphorus levels in blood.