22 terms

Hebrew conjugation

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List the "weak" letters from the binyanim בניינים
א, ה, ח, י, נ, ע
Verb roots (שורשים) that contain a ו or a י as the 2nd letter are called ___________ roots.
"hollow" or "חלול"
Verb roots (שורשים) that contain "weak" letters are called _________ roots.
"weak" or "חלש"
Verb roots (שורשים) that neither contain weak letters י or ו in the second position are called _______roots.
"strong" or "חזק"
or "complete" or "שלם"
Hány ביניינים van a Héber nyelvben?
7/hét/שבע
What is a "participle"?
A word formed from a verb (e.g., going, gone, being, been) and used as an adjective (e.g., working woman, burned toast) or a noun (e.g., good breeding).
Do Hebrew שורשים represent real words or just ideas?
Ideas only. The become words only when conjugated according to the ביניינים
List the 7 main binyanim ביניינים and the 3 minor binyanim ביניינים:
There are 7 basic binyanim:
פעל pa'al - simple active
נפעל nif'al - simple passive
פיעל pi'el - intensive active
פועל pu'al - intensive passive
הפעיל hif'il - causative active
הופעל huf'al - causative passive
התפעל hitpa'el - reflexive
The three minor binyanim are but variations of the binyanim pi'el, pu'al and hitpa'el, respectively:
פולל polel
פולל polal
התפולל hitpolel
The name of the binyan ביניין itself gives you the template for the _A_ person _B_ p____C___ tense form of any verb in the ביניין.
A-3rd
B-singular
C-past
What are the four categories a Hebrew verb must be sorted through to arrive at the proper conjugation?
a-tense
b-person (1st, 2nd, or 3rd)
c-gender
d-quantity (singular or plural)
The general rules on which binyan to use are:
1. Use pa'al for basic active actions (sagar = he closed)
2. Use nif'al for basic passive actions (nisgar = it was closed [by...])
3. Use pi'el for emphatic active actions (siger = he slammed)
4. Use pu'al for emphatic passive actions (sugar = it was slammed [by...])
5. Use hif'il for causative actions (hisgir = he caused [something] to close)
6. Use huf'al for passive causative actions (husgar = it was caused to close)
7. Use hitpa'el for reflexive actions (hitsager = it closed itself)
1. Use ______for basic active actions (sagar = he closed)
1. Use pa'al for _____ ______ actions (sagar = he closed)
2. Use _____ for basic passive actions (nisgar = it was closed [by...])
2. Use nif'al for ______ ________ actions (nisgar = it was closed [by...])
3. Use _____ for emphatic active actions (siger = he slammed)
3. Use pi'el for _______ _______ actions (siger = he slammed)
4. Use ______ for emphatic passive actions (sugar = it was slammed [by...])
4. Use pu'al for _______ _______ actions (sugar = it was slammed [by...])
5. Use ______ for causative actions (hisgir = he caused [something] to close)
5. Use hif'il for ________ actions (hisgir = he caused [something] to close)
6. Use ______ for passive causative actions (husgar = it was caused to close)
6. Use huf'al for ______ _______ actions (husgar = it was caused to close)
7. Use ________ for reflexive actions (hitsager = it closed itself)
7. Use hitpa'el for _________ actions (hitsager = it closed itself)
For each ביניין binyan, there are ___ tenses: The tenses into each hebrew verb canbe conjugated into are:
a) Five (5)
1) infinitive
2) past
3) present
4) future
5) imperative
Hebrew verbs in the present tense have ___ (how many?) conjugations.
The present has 4 conjugations
1-male singular
2-female singular
3-male plural
4-female pural
The past and future each have ______ (how many?) conjugations.
1-I
2-you male singular
3-you female singular
4-he
5-she
6-we
7-you male plural
8-you female plural
9-they
Imperative has ____(how many?) conjugations.
1-you male singular
2-you female singular
3-plural