Alien and Sedition Acts
Ch 8, pg. 239
Alien and Sedition Acts- 1798, passed by Federalists
a. Alien Enemies Act- deport foreigners who came from countries that were at war with the U.S
b. Alien Friends Act- expel any alien suspected with subversive activities
c. Naturalization Act- increased the residency requirement for citizenship to 14 years from 5 years
d. Sedition Act- made it a federal crime to conspire against the government or say or print anything against the government
e. Impact was that the Federalist were using these to hold onto power
James Madison/Bill of Rights
Ch 8, 227
Federalists promised to add a BoR to the constitution, because Antifederalists were afraid the federal govt would have too much power and states/individuals not enough power. Madison championed the discussion of individual rights and Congress passed 10 of them, called the Bill of Rights.
Ch 8, pg. 237
France & Britain at war, US wanted to remain neutral but too weak to do so.
US agreed to: grant Brits favored trade status, confirm that US would pay pre-revolution debts. Brits agreed to: pay back merchants for ships &b cargo seized in 1793/94, abandon forts in NW, grant some trading rights in India, British W. Indies.
Judiciary Acts of 1789
Ch 8, pg. 227
Balanced the state's rights advocates (Antifederalists) and nationalists by creating a hierarchical court system with federal district courts, by state. Appeals would be decided by the Supreme Court, if the matter had to do with federal (constitutional) law.
Ch 8, pg. 240
A states' right to render null a national law it thinks it is unconstitutional. Related to TJ's and Madison's efforts to kill the ASA
Ch 8, Pg. 240
States' rights= the states have the right to decide if the federal government had taken power that the constitution didn't give it. Constitution gives federal government certain powers. Powers not listed go to the states.
Treaty of Greenville
Ch 8, pg. 234
Signed August 1795, 12 Indian tribes ceded most of Ohio to the U.S for 9,500 dollars per year. This followed the U.S's army's victory over 12 tribes at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
Ch 8, pg. 234
Hamilton's tax on whiskey was unpopular w/ farmers in the west, b/c the high cost of transport to the east made production unprofitable. Hamilton wanted to assert national authority & made W. Penn. an example by sending in troops. Not much came of it, but it was a good example of local rights vs. national order.
Ch 8, pg. 238
Adams sent three commissionaires that he called X, Y,Z to France. France did not want to negotiate and demanded a loan and a bribe. The U.S felt insulted and it brought them close to war with France.
Bank of the United States (B.U.S.)
Ch 8, pg. 229
Hamilton recommended a BUS. to provide the govt and business with a stable currency (including paper money which BUS could issue).
Convention of 1800-
Ch 8, pg. 242
Federalist lost because of the Direct taxes, ASA threatened individual and state autonomy, unnecessary army expansion
Republicans won because of the Federalist mess ups and talked to the common people, so voter turnout was high
Aaron Burr and Thomas Jefferson each got 73 electoral votes; deadlocked in Congress until TJ finally won (led to 12th Amendment)
Ch 8, pg. 232
During the French Revolution, Washington declared neutrality on April 22, 1793. Washington wanted to avoid increasing their war debt. There was a dispute whether it was allowed that Washington could act on his own without congress on this point.
Washington's Cabinet in 1st and 2nd terms
—name the positions and names of first secretary in each
First Term- secretary of state= TJ, secretary of treasury= Alexander Hamilton, secretary of war- Henry Knox, attorney general- Edmond Jennings Randolph
2nd Term- secretary of state= TJ, Edmond Jennings Randolph, Timothy Pickering, secretary of treasury=Alexander Hamilton, Oliver Wolcott, secretary of war- Henry Knox, Timothy Pickering , James Mchenry, attorney general- Edmond Jennings Randolph, William Bradford, Charles Lee