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29 terms

1103 - Ch 4: Bones of the Spine & Thorax (Spelling practice)

Good for spelling practice.
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Atlas
Cervical Vertebrae #1 (C1)
Axis
Cervical Vertebrae #2 (C2)
Cervical Vertebrae
Name for the 1st 7 vertebrae of the spinal column
Thoracic Vertebrae
Name for the 12 vertebrae in the middle of the spinal column
Lumbar Vertebrae
Name for the 5 vertebrae in the lower region of the spinal column
Sacrum
Large bone at near the base of the spinal column, made from 5 fused vertebrae
Coccyx
Tail bone
Vertebral Foramen
Large opening in the center of the vertebrae through which the spinal cord passes
Intervertebral Disks
Pads of fibrocartilage that are stacked in between the bones of the spinal column
Intervertebral Foramen
Openings on the sides of the spinal column when 2 or more vertebrae are stacked together; allows spinal nerves to exit the spinal cord
Spinous process
Bony projection that comes off of the posterior portion of the vertebrae
Transverse process
Bony projection(s) that come off of the sides of the vertebrae
Odontoid process
Bony projection that comes off of the top of the (C2) axis
Sternum
Breastbone
Xiphoid Process
Cartilaginous projection that comes off of the base of the sternum
Manubrium
Top portion of the sternum
True Ribs
Ribs #1-7
False Ribs
Ribs #8, 9, 10,
Floating Ribs
Ribs #11, 12,
Transverse Foramen
Hole on the end of the transverse process.
Superior Facet
Depression
Costal Articular Facets
Small smooth area at the junction of the body and the vertebral arch (2 on each side)
Anterior & Posterior tubercle
Bony point that protrudes laterally from cervical vertebrae.
Jugular notch
Superior portion of the manubrium.
Sternal Angle
Superior to the sternum
Sternocostal Joint
Joint between the sternum and the costal.
Sternomanubrial Joint
Joint between the manubrium and the sternum.
Costochondral Joint
joint between the costal cartilage and the condyle.
Costal Cartilage
serves as a bridge between sternum and rib.