The aspect of music having to do with the duration of the notes in time.
A background of stressed and unstressed beats in a simple, regular, repeating pattern.
The speed of music,i.e., the rate at which the accented and unaccented beats of the meter follow one another.
The regular pulse underlying most music; the lowest unit of meter.
The stressing of a note-for example, by playing it louder than the surrounding notes.
A meter consisting of one accented beat alternating with one unaccented beat.
Meter consisting of one accented beat alternating with tow unaccented beats.
The quality of "highness" or "lowness" of sound.
The volume of sound, the loudness or softness of a musical passage.
Another term for tone color.
A selection of ordered pitches that provides the pitch material for music.
One of the modes of the diatonic scale, oriented around C as the tonic; characterized by the interval between the first and third notes containing four semitones, as opposed to three in the minor mode.
One of the modes of the diatonic scale, oriented around A as the the tonic; characterized by the interval between the first and third notes containing three semitones.
The set of twelve pitches between one octave.
The aspect of music having to do with the succession of pitches.
A short fragment of melody or rhythm used in constructing a long section of music.
A grouping of pitches played and heard simultaneously.
Intervals or chords that sound relatively stable and free of tension, as opposed to dissonance.
Intervals or chords that sound relatively tense and unstable.
A musical texture involving a single melodic line.
A musical texture that involves only one melody of real interest combined with chords or other subsidiary sounds.
The blend of the various sounds and melodic lines occurring simultaneously in a piece of music.
Musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously.
A song in several stanzas, with the same music for each stanza.
A medieval secular musician.
The system of prayers and worship of a particular religion.
Unaccompanied, monophonic music, without fixed rhythm or meter.
Especially in chant, the single note used for musical "recitation," with brief melodic formulas for beginning and ending.
In a melody, a series of fragments identical except for their placement at successively higher or lower pitch levels; in the Middle Ages, a type of plainchant in which successive phrases of text receive nearly identical melodic treatment.
Poet-Composers of the Middle Ages in Germany.
Aristocratic poet-musicians of the Middle Ages.
The earliest genre of medieval polyphonic music.
French for a song; a genre of French secular vocal music.
The main Roman Catholic service; or the music written for it. The musical mass consists of five large sections: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei.
A polyphonic musical texture in which the various melodic lines use approximately the same themes.
The main secular vocal genre of the Renaissance.
Usually a sacred vocal composition. Early motets were based on fragments of Gregorian chant.
A Renaissance court dance in triple meter.
A baroque dance in a lively compound meter.
A motive, phrase, or theme repeated over and over again.
A set of chords continuosly underlying the melody in a piece of Baroque music; the instruments playing the continuo, usually cello plus harpsichord or organ.
From the Baroque period on, the system whereby all chords have a specific interrelation and function in relation to the tonic.
Drama presented in music with the characters singing instead of speaking.
A vocal number for solo singer and orchestra, generally in an opera, cantata, or oratorio.
A half-singing, half-reciting style of presenting words in opera, cantata, oratorio, etc., following speech accents and speech rhymes closely. Secco recitative is accompanied by orchestra.
A piece consisting of a series of dances.
A set of variations on a short theme in the bass.
A composition written systematically in imitative polyphony, usually with a single main theme, the fugue subject.
A section of a melody or tune.
The feeling of centrality of one note to a passage of music.
An instrumental dance of the Middle Ages.
A genre of plainchant usually in a simple melodic style with very few melismas.