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lines of latitude

Absolute Location

the exact location of a place using latitude or longtitude


half of a sphere or globe

Prime Meridian

imaginary lines that run from the North Pole to the south Pole at zero degrees longitude

Cardinal Directions

four main points on a compass (north, south, east, west)

Map Scale

used to measure the distance between locations on a map


a unit of measurement

North Pole

the northern end of the earth measured at 90 degrees north latitude

South Pole

the suthern end of the earth measured at 90 degrees south latitude


an imaginary line half way between the north and south poles at zero degrees latitude


imaginary lines or parallels that measure the distance north or south of the equator


lines of longitude


imaginary lines that measure the distance east or west of the prime meidian

Compass Rose

a symbol on a map that shows direction

Intermediate Directions

points in between the cardinal points (NE, SE, NW, SW)

Map Key (legend)

explains the meaning of symbols on a map

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