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15 terms

Important Greek People

Greek scientists, mathematicians, philosophers, and writers
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Alexander the Great
Conquered and ruled an empire stretching from Macedonia to the Indus Valley
Plato
Student of Socrates, wrote The Republic about the perfectly governed society
Socrates
Devoted himself to discussion with the aristocratic young citizens of Athens, questioning the truth of popular opinions. Charged with corrupting the youth of Athens and sentenced him to death.
Aristotle
Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought.
Pythagoras
A mathematician that derived a formula to calculate the relationship between the sides of a right triangle
Euclid
Greek mathematician considered to be the father of modern geomertry.
Archimedes
Greek mathematician and inventor. He wrote works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He is best known for the lever and pulley.
Hippocrates
During the Golden Age in Greece he was a scientist that believed all diseases came from natural causes. He also had high ideals for physicians & an oath was made that is still used today.
Philip of Macedon
father of Alexander the Great; had three goals: to raise the economic and cultural level of his people, to united the Greek city states under Macedonian rule, and to lead a combined Greek/ Macedonian army against the Persian Empire
Thucydides
Greek historian. Considered the greatest historian of antiquity, he wrote a critical history of the Peloponnesian War that contains the funeral oration of Pericles
Herodotus
The ancient Greek known as the father of history
Sophocles
Writer of tragedies; wrote Oedipus Rex, and Antigone
Pericles
Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athen's political and cultural supremacy in Greece
Darius I
king of Persia who expanded the empire and invaded Greece but was defeated at the Battle of Marathon (550-486 BC)
Homer
Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey