Traditions & Encounters: World History AP Chapter 26 Africa & the Atlantic World (McGraw-Hill.com)
Sunni Ali's administration of the Songhay was strengthened by
The development of an elaborate administrative and military apparatus, as well as participation of the trans-Saharan trade.
Which of the following was not conquered or defeated by the Portuguese?
SONGHAY (In 1591 the Songhay empire was attacked by a Moroccan army not Portuguese).
Although relations between Portugal and the Kongo were initially friendly
The Kongo was ultimately destroyed because, Portuguese slave traders undermined the authority of the kings.
Queen Nzinga resisted the Portuguese conquest of Angola by
Mobilizing military resistance to the Portuguese.
The indignous religions of sub-Saharan African were essentially
Polytheistic, recognizing numerous local gods as well as a single creator god.
An example of a Syncretic Cult combining elements of Christianity and African beliefs is
the Antonian movment.
One significant difference between the PORTUGUES settlement of ANGOLA and the DUTCH settlement of CAPE TOWN was that
the PORTUGUES came to Angola as TRADERS while in South Africa the DUTCH settled on the land as FARMERS.
In spite of the ravages of the slave trade
The population of Africa actually increased in the eighteenth century due to, the introduction of new staple foods from the Americas.
Factors in the decline of slavery included
The anti-slavery movement, The frequency of slave revolts, The declining profitability of slaves, The realization that wage labor in factories was cheaper than slave labor on plantations.
All of the following are characteristics of slavery in Africa
Opportunities to earn their freedom, Primary source of wealth and power, Frequently assimilated into their owners' kinship groups, Occasionally slaves worked as soldiers or as advisors.
The Portuguese slave trade began in the mid-fifteenth century with Portuguese raiders capturing African men and selling them in Europe. How had this trade changed by the mid-sixteenth century?
Portuguese merchants bought slaves from African raiders and sold them to Europe and the Americas.
Which of the following could not be a leg of the triangular trans-Atlantic trade?
Mexican silver delivered to Manila.
The Triangular Trans-Atlantic trade?
The Triangular Trans-Atlantic trade involved Europe, Africa and the Caribbean and Americas.
African slaves were in demand for the New World because
So many Native Americans died from imported diseases, Native peoples frequently escaped into the hinterlands, Sugar plantations in the Caribbean required considerable labor, Spanish and Portuguese conquerors disdained manual labor.
he middle passage of the slave trade was
The ship voyage across the Atlantic in the cargo decks.
Olaudah Equiano's experience contributed to the abolishment of slavery because he
Exposed the horrors of slavery, particularly the middle passage, to a European audience.
Slavery's impact on Africa
Fell most heavily on the societies of west Africa.
Most African slaves went
To the tropical and subtropical plantations of the Americas & the Caribbean.
On the plantations of the Caribbean and Brazil - slaves
Suffered heavy losses due to tropical diseases and brutal conditions.
Slaves who ran away and formed their own communities in remote areas.
African culture in the Americas included all of the following
Distinctive language and dialect, Syncretic African-American religions, Distinctive foods and cuisine, Distinctive handicrafts.