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APUSH CH10-01 Hamilton's report on Public Credit
The wealthy should be protected so that both the government and the masses can be profitable.
APUSH CH10-02 Hamilton's Financial Plan
Federal government would take on the debts of the states that they had acquired during the Revolutionary War; proposed by Hamilton, this led to taking on $21.5 million in state debts; states with heavy debts, like Massachusetts, were delighted but states with small debts, like Virginia, were upset; led to the national capital being moved to Virginia (from New York)
APUSH CH10-03 Federalist Party
Led by Hamilton; believed in rule by the "best people", hostility to extension of democracy, powerful central government at the expense of states' rights, loose construction, government to foster business, concentration of wealth in interests of capitalistic enterprise, a protective tariff, pro-British, national debt a blessing if properly funded, and expanding bureaucracy, a powerful central bank, restrictions on free speech and press, a strong navy to protect shippers; they were primarily from the seacoast area and were often wealthy merchants, manufacturers, or shippers
APUSH CH10-04 Whiskey Rebellion
In Pennsylvania in 1794; Hamilton high excise tax was regarded by pioneers as a burden on an economic necessity and a medium of exchange; when they began to rebel, Washington summoned an inter-state militia (thirteen thousand people); the rebels fled (only three were killed); it commanded a new respect for Washington's government and appalled some by the brute display of force
APUSH CH10-05 Democrat-Republican Party
Led by Jefferson; they were strong advocates of states' rights; against the full assumption of debt; proponent of weak central government; power to the educated people
APUSH CH10-06 Washington's Neutrality Proclamation
Issued by Washington in 1793, shortly after the outbreak of war between Britain and France; proclaimed the government's official neutrality and warned American citizens to be impartial toward both armed camps; pro-French Jeffersonians enraged and pro-British Federalists happy; helped the French anyways because it allowed Americans to ship food to French West Indies (if they had declared war, the British would've blockaded the American coast)
APUSH CH10-07 Battle of Fallen Timbers
General Mad Anthony Wayne defeated the Native Americans after Britain refused to assist the Native Americans. This led to the Treaty of Grenville
APUSH CH10-08 Treaty of Grenville
The Native Americans surrendered much Northwest territory. In exchange, The Native Americans were given $20,000 as well as a annual annuity of $9,000, the right to hunt the lands they ceded, and somewhat of recognition of sovereignty.
APUSH CH10-09 Jay Treaty
Washington sent John Jay to London in 1794; fearful of war with Britain, he secretly supplied the British with details of America's bargaining strategy; British promised to evacuate the chain of posts on U.S. soil and to pay damages for recent seizures of American ships; British forced Jay to make the U.S. pay the debts still owed to British merchants on pre-Revolutionary accounts; infuriated Jeffersonians and the French
APUSH CH10-10 Pinckney Treaty
1795 treaty with Spain in which Spain granted the Americans free navigation of the Mississippi and the large disputed territory north of Florida (Spain feared American-British alliance because of Jay's Treaty)
APUSH CH10-11 XYZ Affair
Instance in which Adams's envoys reached Paris in 1797, hoping to meet the French foreign minister Talleyrand; instead, the were secretly approached by three go-betweens (X, Y, and Z) who demanded an unneutral loan of 32 million florins and a bribe of $250,000 for the privilege of merely talking with Talleyrand; the Americans did not accept; led to war hysteria sweeping through the United States
APUSH CH10-12 Alien and Sedition Acts
Written by Federalist government; provided that anyone who impeded the policies of the government or falsely defamed its officials, including the president, would be liable to a heavy fine and imprisonment; used againt outspoken Jeffersonians; seemed to be in direct conflict with the Consitution (freedom of speech and press); Federalists intentionally wrote the law to expire in 1801 so that it could not be used against them if they lost the next election
APUSH CH10-13 Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
- Less extreme statement (than the Kentucky Resolution) written by James Madison and adopted by the legislature of Virginia in 1798; compact theory; written to nullify Alien and Sedition Acts; later used by southerners to support secession
- A series of resolutions written by Jefferson and approved by the Kentucky legislature in 1798 and 1799; compact theory; written to nullify Alien and Sedition Acts; later used by southerners to support secession
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