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1) Which of the great religious systems below were characterized by monotheism combined with a sacred text and a strong missionary thrust?

Christianity and Islam

Which of the following is true of both the Roman Empire and the Han Empire?

Both empires where characterized by long periods of effective centralized governance.

) All of the following were part of the Confucian social order EXCEPT

chastity by husbands

Which of the following lived about one thousand years after the other four?

Muhammad 600 AD

Which of the following religions would most likel use the following symbols: the lotus, the wheel, the endless knot, the conch shell, and the pair of fish?


Which of the following best describes patriarchal gender systems?

Women are inferiors and must be protected by men.

) Which of the following characterizes trade between the Roman Empire and India during the first two centuries C.E.?

Rome to India India to Rome
Silver and Gold pepper

Which statement about early humans do most scholars today agree is accurate?

Humans originated in Africa, then migrated to other continents

The ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in that both cultures

. developed along rivers

. A major impact of ancient Greece and Rome on western civilization was that

Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in Western Europe in later centuries

In traditional Chinese culture, which philosophy had the greatest influence on the development of social order and political organization?


The river valleys of the Tigris-Euprhates, the Nile, and the Indus were centers of civilization because they

provided a means of transportation and irrigation

The Quran, Mecca, and hijra are most closely associated with the practice of


A major result of the development of civilization in ancient Egypt was the

establishment of trade routes between Egypt and other kingdoms

In traditional India, the caste system and the Hindu beliefs in karma and dharma most directly resulted in

the establishment of a set of rules for each individual in society.

India's earliest civilizations were located in

river valleys

One result of the Neolithic Revolution was

the establishment of villages and the rise of governments.

The Eightfold Path, the Four Noble Truths, and the concept of nirvana are associated with the religion of


One similarity in the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, ancient Indian (Harappan), and ancient Chinese civilizations was that they each developed

irrigation systems

The silk road was important to China because it provided

contact with other cultures through trade

According to the teachings of Confucius, the key to the successful organization of society is that

individuals should know and do what is expected of them

A major contribution of the Roman empire to western society was the development of

an effective legal system

The early civilizations of the Nile River Valley, Mesopotamia, and the Huang He were similar because they were

dependent on fertile land

The invention of writing systems and the growth of cities occurred only in civilizations that

developed complex institutions

The Upanishads, the Ramayan, and the Bhagavad Gita are considered to be significant pieces of

provide guidelines for Hindu living and behavior

Compared to a Chinese nobleman, a peasant in classical China differed in all of the following EXCEPT

likelihood of belief in a number of gods or spirits of nature definately similar

The "Son of Heaven" (aka Mandate of Heaven) concept was designed to promote all of the following EXCEPT

priest's control of the state - China doesn't really have Priests

Chinese views of nature emphasized

harmony and balance

All of the following constituted a function of government in Han China EXCEPT

aid to unwed mothers

Which of the following best describes BOTH the Roman and Han empires

the cost of defending imperial frontiers led to economic and political crises

Which of the following staple crops is most associated with the rise of Mesoamerican civilizations?


All of the following are Confucian beliefs EXCEPT

commendation and punishment are the two handles by which government should control society

All of the following were technological innovations in China by the time of the Han dynasty EXCEPT

paper money

Daoists would agree with Confucianists on which of the following

scorn for greed

The Aryan conquerors brought all of the following to India EXCEPT

its first civilization

The Indian caste system served to an extent as a political institution by

enforcing rules about social behavior

Buddhism and Hinduism both believe


Christianity urged that

belief in a holy trinity

Compared to China, Indian social and economic structure

tended to discourage commerce

Compared to China, India

had greater contact with other societies and civilizations

In the classical period, both China and India

showed considerable tolerance for different religions

Greek and Roman trade

exported grain to Asia

The Roman Republic shared all the following qualities of government with modern America, EXCEPT

universal suffrage - women couldn't vote

Roman emperors tried to content the masses by

dividing the great landed estates - given to victoreous soldiers after wars

Which of the following occurred as a result of the development of agriculture in societies that previously relied on hunting and gathering

population density increased- same as saying cities grew

Greek politics resembled Indian politics in

the tendency of regional fragmentation

From a Confucian viewpoint, the Roman Empire might have been criticized for placing too much confidence in

laws rather than trained officials

The eastern portion of the Roman empire experienced less decline than the west for all the following reasons EXCEPT

the east was more wealth

Compared to Hinduism and Buddhism, all of the following constitute distinctive features of late-Roman Christianity EXCEPT

a strong evangelizing impulse

The "lessons" of late Han China and the late Roman empire are that the decline of a civilization, whether temporary or permanent

is not simply the result of attack by outside invaders

All male citizens in ancient Athens had the right to attend the assembly, where they could meet in the open to discuss and cast votes. This situation is an example of

direct democracy - but only men over 30 who were citizens

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