51 terms

AP Unit 1 Exam Review

1) Which of the great religious systems below were characterized by monotheism combined with a sacred text and a strong missionary thrust?
Christianity and Islam
Which of the following is true of both the Roman Empire and the Han Empire?
Both empires where characterized by long periods of effective centralized governance.
) All of the following were part of the Confucian social order EXCEPT
chastity by husbands
Which of the following lived about one thousand years after the other four?
Muhammad 600 AD
Which of the following religions would most likel use the following symbols: the lotus, the wheel, the endless knot, the conch shell, and the pair of fish?
Which of the following best describes patriarchal gender systems?
Women are inferiors and must be protected by men.
) Which of the following characterizes trade between the Roman Empire and India during the first two centuries C.E.?
Rome to India India to Rome
Silver and Gold pepper
Which statement about early humans do most scholars today agree is accurate?
Humans originated in Africa, then migrated to other continents
The ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in that both cultures
. developed along rivers
. A major impact of ancient Greece and Rome on western civilization was that
Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in Western Europe in later centuries
In traditional Chinese culture, which philosophy had the greatest influence on the development of social order and political organization?
The river valleys of the Tigris-Euprhates, the Nile, and the Indus were centers of civilization because they
provided a means of transportation and irrigation
The Quran, Mecca, and hijra are most closely associated with the practice of
A major result of the development of civilization in ancient Egypt was the
establishment of trade routes between Egypt and other kingdoms
In traditional India, the caste system and the Hindu beliefs in karma and dharma most directly resulted in
the establishment of a set of rules for each individual in society.
India's earliest civilizations were located in
river valleys
One result of the Neolithic Revolution was
the establishment of villages and the rise of governments.
The Eightfold Path, the Four Noble Truths, and the concept of nirvana are associated with the religion of
One similarity in the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, ancient Indian (Harappan), and ancient Chinese civilizations was that they each developed
irrigation systems
The silk road was important to China because it provided
contact with other cultures through trade
According to the teachings of Confucius, the key to the successful organization of society is that
individuals should know and do what is expected of them
A major contribution of the Roman empire to western society was the development of
an effective legal system
The early civilizations of the Nile River Valley, Mesopotamia, and the Huang He were similar because they were
dependent on fertile land
The invention of writing systems and the growth of cities occurred only in civilizations that
developed complex institutions
The Upanishads, the Ramayan, and the Bhagavad Gita are considered to be significant pieces of
provide guidelines for Hindu living and behavior
Compared to a Chinese nobleman, a peasant in classical China differed in all of the following EXCEPT
likelihood of belief in a number of gods or spirits of nature definately similar
The "Son of Heaven" (aka Mandate of Heaven) concept was designed to promote all of the following EXCEPT
priest's control of the state - China doesn't really have Priests
Chinese views of nature emphasized
harmony and balance
All of the following constituted a function of government in Han China EXCEPT
aid to unwed mothers
Which of the following best describes BOTH the Roman and Han empires
the cost of defending imperial frontiers led to economic and political crises
Which of the following staple crops is most associated with the rise of Mesoamerican civilizations?
All of the following are Confucian beliefs EXCEPT
commendation and punishment are the two handles by which government should control society
All of the following were technological innovations in China by the time of the Han dynasty EXCEPT
paper money
Daoists would agree with Confucianists on which of the following
scorn for greed
The Aryan conquerors brought all of the following to India EXCEPT
its first civilization
The Indian caste system served to an extent as a political institution by
enforcing rules about social behavior
Buddhism and Hinduism both believe
Christianity urged that
belief in a holy trinity
Compared to China, Indian social and economic structure
tended to discourage commerce
Compared to China, India
had greater contact with other societies and civilizations
In the classical period, both China and India
showed considerable tolerance for different religions
Greek and Roman trade
exported grain to Asia
The Roman Republic shared all the following qualities of government with modern America, EXCEPT
universal suffrage - women couldn't vote
Roman emperors tried to content the masses by
dividing the great landed estates - given to victoreous soldiers after wars
Which of the following occurred as a result of the development of agriculture in societies that previously relied on hunting and gathering
population density increased- same as saying cities grew
Greek politics resembled Indian politics in
the tendency of regional fragmentation
From a Confucian viewpoint, the Roman Empire might have been criticized for placing too much confidence in
laws rather than trained officials
The eastern portion of the Roman empire experienced less decline than the west for all the following reasons EXCEPT
the east was more wealth
Compared to Hinduism and Buddhism, all of the following constitute distinctive features of late-Roman Christianity EXCEPT
a strong evangelizing impulse
The "lessons" of late Han China and the late Roman empire are that the decline of a civilization, whether temporary or permanent
is not simply the result of attack by outside invaders
All male citizens in ancient Athens had the right to attend the assembly, where they could meet in the open to discuss and cast votes. This situation is an example of
direct democracy - but only men over 30 who were citizens