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the third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs separate and move toward opposite poles

asexual reproduction

process by which a single parent reproduces by itself


disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth

cell cycle

series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide


area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached


one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome

crossing over

process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of their chromatids during meiosis


division of the cytoplasm during cell division

diploid (2n)

term used to refer to a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes


Female sex cell

haploid (n)

term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set of chromosomes and therefore only a single set of genes


period of the cell cycle between cell divisions


process by which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell


second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell


part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides


first and longest phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes become visible and the centrioles separate and take up positions on the opposite sides of the nucleus

sexual reproduction

process by which cells from two different parents unite to produce the first cell of a new organism


Male sex cell


fanlike microtubule structure that helps separate the chromosomes during mitosis


fourth and final phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material

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