29 terms

CHAPTER 4: FEDERALISM

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inherent powers
powers that belong to the National Government because it is a sovereign state
delegated powers
powers spelled out in the Constitution
concurrent powers
powers possessed and exercised by both National and State
governments
block grants
type of grants are made for a very specific purpose.
act of admission
in order for a State to join the Union the President must sign this document
implied powers
powers reasonably thought to be granted, but not spelled out specifically, in the Constitution
enabling act
a law passed by Congress directing an area to frame a State constitution
extradition
the legal process by which a fugitive from
justice of one State is returned by another State
Full Faith and Credit Clause
States must recognize the validity of records,
documents, and civil court decisions in other States
expressed powers
powers granted to the National Government in the
Constitution
Privileges and Immunities
Clause
States cannot draw unreasonable distinctions
between their own residents and residents of
other States
interstate compact
an agreement among the States
10th Amendment
part of the Constitution explicitly spells out the division of powers
Supreme Court
institution settles disputes between the National Government and the States
Alaska and Hawaii
two States that were admitted without an enabling act
Full Faith and Credit Clause
constitutional clause allows people of one State to travel to another State without a special passport
Supremacy Clause
clause that deals with conflicts between national law and State law
federalism
created a strong central government and preserved the strength of the existing States
delegated
The three types of __________ powers are expressed, implied, and inherent.
reserved powers
powers that the Constitution does not grant to the National Government and does not deny to the States
exclusive powers
powers exercised only by the National Government
concurrent powers
powers exercised by both the National Government and the States
block grants
grants intended for a broadly defined purpose such as health care, social services, or welfare
grants-in-aid programs
grants of federal money or other resources to the States and/or their cities, counties, or other local units called
project grants
grants given to States, localities, and sometimes private agencies that apply for them
categorical grants
grants having a narrowly-defined purpose such as school lunches, airport construction, or wastewater treatment plants
judicial proceedings
In Article IV, Section 1 of the Constitution, what term refers to the outcome of court actions
records
In Article IV, Section 1 of the Constitution, what term refers to documents such as a birth certificate
public acts
In Article IV, Section 1 of the Constitution, what term refers to laws of a state