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Presidential Vs Parliamentary
Terms in this set (11)
What are the fundamental differences between presidential (separation of powers) and parliamentary (fusion of powers) democracies?
Parliamentary- only leg. Is elected by the people. Exec is accountable to the leg. Exec makes policy.
Presidential- both leg. and exec. Are elected by the people.
Exec and leg. are both accountable to the people. Both make policy. Think separation of powers here
What are the characteristics of presidential (separation of powers) systems?
Leg and exec have separate functions.
there are checks and balances.
What are the characteristics of parliamentary (concentration of powers) systems?
Not elected independently, do not separate functions.
Legislature holds the exec accountable
What is meant by the fusion of powers in parliamentary systems?
Power to make AND implement law is fused together in executive and legislative branch
How does the role of political parties differ in presidential and parliamentary systems?
In a parliamentary system, delegates must stay loyal to their party preferences.
In a presidential system, delegates voters don't vote based on party much anymore because candidates can now voice their own opinions and plans.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of presidential and parliamentary democracy?
Par. Advantages: loyal to majority rules. The exec is completely dependent on parliament passing their policy otherwise he will be out of office.
Par. Disadvantages: there is less a limited government.
Pres. Advantages: People get to choose both leg and exec. They
have separate powers. Limited government.
Pres. Disadvantages: it is unclear who to hold accountable when
both the exec and the leg can make policy. This system isn't true to the majority rights. Political parties become irrelevant.
Why is policy-making more difficult in presidential systems than in parliamentary systems?
Because both the executive and legislature have to agree
How do presidential and parliamentary systems differ in how they hold the executive accountable?
What consequences does this have?
The executive is accountable to the legislature in the parliamentary system.
In the presidential system the executive is accountable to the people. If he/she screws up they can lose their chances of winning their next election
What are the advantages of a parliamentary government?
can respond to new situations quickly, promote collaboration and consensus
Why can parliamentary systems respond more quickly to changing circumstances?
Because the executive and legislature are fused, easier to pass new laws quickly
What are the disadvantages of the parliamentary government?
Coalition failures might make governments less stable
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