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A&P Chapter 1 - Topic 2: T The Body's Levels of Organization: Recognize anatomical and physiological terms

Terms in this set (3)

Integumentary system - Hair, Skin &related glands, toe/fingernails. Protects, regulates body temp, cutaneous receptors,synthesizes Vitamin D, prevents water loss.

Skeletal System - Supports and protects organ systems. Where blood cell production happens, stores calcium and phosphorus. Provides for muscle attachment.

Muscular System - Allows body movement and generated heat when muscles contract.

Nervous System - regulatory system controlling body movement by initiating responses to muscles and sensory stimuli. Also associated with consciousness, intelligence, and memory.

Endocrine system - Glands and cell clusters that create hormones which regulate development, growth, metabolism, maintenance of homeostasis, controls digestive and reproductive processes.

Lymphatic System - transports and filters lymph fluid and assists the immune response when needed.

Cardiovascular System - heart and blood vessels. moves blood through vessels to carry hormones, gasses, wastes, and nutrients.

Respiratory System - Exchange of gasses between blood and air in the lungs.

Urinary System - Filters blood and removes waste. Concentrates wastes in the form of urine and eliminates waste from body.

Digestive System - Mechanically and chemically digests food, absorbs nutrients and expels wastes.

Male Reproductive system - produces male sex cells and hormones and transfers them(sperm) to the female.

Female reproductive system - Produces female sex cells and hormones. Receives sperm, fertilization of oocycte, embryonic growth and development. Breast milk creation for newborn.