Milady chapter 5

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Terms in this set (43)
Efficacy definitionthe ability to produce a desired or intended result - the sense that they matterType of disinfectant that is used on non pourous surfacesQuaternary ammonium compounds (KWATZ)Phenol disinfectants contain:Formaldehyde and can damage rubber and plasticOne of the most important ways to prevent spreading germsWashing handsAntiseptic definitionChemical germicides formulated for use on skinWho registers disinfectants?EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)Biofilm definitionColonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces and the human bodyNot visit and must grow large to be seen without microscope (example: dental plaque)BiofilmParasites:organisms that grow, feed and shelter in or inside another organism while contributing nothing to the survival or that organism. Ex- fleas, ticks, lice and mitesFungi definitionSingle-celled organism that grow in irregular masses such as molds, mildews, and yeasts.Most common fungal infectionTinea barbae AKA barbers itchtinea capitisFungal infection of the scalpHepatitisA bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver. Can live on surfaces for a long timeBlood borne pathogensDisease-causing organisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids such as hepatitis or HIVPrevention of viruses"Vaccines", disinfection and hand washingDifference between virus vs bacteriaVirus can live and reproduce only by taking over cells and becoming part of them. Viral infections do not respond to antibioticsVirus definitiona sub-microscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism.Infection control definitionRefers to the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms from one individual to anotherCleaning definitionMechanical process using soap and water to remove visible dirt, debris and disease causing germsSanitizingA chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level.DisinfectionA chemical process for use with non pourous items that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms including bacteria, viruses and fungiSterilizingDestroys spores and all microbial lifeFederal agencies set guidelines for?Manufacture, sale, and use of equipment and Chemical ingredientsState agencies regulate:Licensing, enforcement, and conduct when working in a salon, spa, or medical facility.OSHAOccupational Safety and Health AdministrationOSHA standards address issues to:Handling, mixing, storing, and disposing of productsDisinfectants:Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces.Disease:An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normallyinfectioninvasion of the body by a pathogenic organism'sTransmission definitionProcess by which pathogens move between individuals and objects- how we get sickdirect transmission:direct physical contact such as touching with contaminated hands, skin-to-skin contact, kissing, or sexual intercourseindirect transmissionTransmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface.airborne transmission