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American Gov. Ch. 1 & 2
Terms in this set (30)
A form of government in which a single individual--a monarch or dictator--rules.
A form of government in which a small group--landowners, military officers, or wealthy merchants--controls most of the governing decisions.
A system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officials.
A system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers of the government.
A system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may be restrained by the power of other social institutions.
A system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that might challenge it.
Forcing a person to do something by threats or pressure.
Enjoying the benefits of some good or action while letting others bear the costs.
A good that (1) may be enjoyed by anyone if it is provided and (2) may not be denied to anyone once it has been provided.
The conflicts and struggles over the leadership, structure, and policies of government.
The rules and procedures that guide political behavior.
A political entity consisting of a people with some common cultural experience (nation), who also share a common political authority (state), recognized by other sovereignties (nation-states).
A system of government that provides the populace with the opportunity to make the government responsive to its views through the selection of representatives who, in turn, play a significant role in governmental decision making.
The relationship between a principal and his or her agent; this relationship may be the fact that each is motivated by self-interest.
Articles of Confederation
America's first written constitution. Adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777, the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was the formal basis for America's national government until 1789, when it was superseded by the Constitution.
A framework for the Constitution, introduced by Edmund Randolph, which called for representation in the national legislature based on the population of each state.
New Jersey Plan
A framework for the Constitution, introduced by William Paterson, which called for equal representation in the national legislature regardless of a state's population.
Agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that gave each state an equal number of senators regardless of its population, but linked representation in the House of Representatives to population.
Agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that stipulated that for purposes of the appointment of congressional seats, every slave would be counted as three-fifths of a person.
Division of a legislative body into two houses, chambers, or branches.
The notion that the Constitution grants to the federal government only those powers specifically named in its text.
Necessary and Proper Clause
Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution, which enumerates the powers of Congress and provides Congress with the authority to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry them out; also referred to as the "elastic clause".
Power of the courts to declare actions of the legislative and executive branches invalid or unconstitutional. The Supreme Court asserted this power in Marbury vs. Madison.
Article 6 of the Constitution, which states that all laws passed by the national government and all treaties are the supreme laws of the land and superior to all laws adopted by any state or any subdivision.
Separation of Powers
The division of Governmental power among several institutions that must cooperate in decision making.
System of government in which power is divided by a constitution between a central government and regional governments.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791. They ensure certain rights and liberties to the people.
Checks and Balances
Mechanisms through which each branch of government is able to participate in and influence the activities of the other branches. Major examples include the presidential veto power over congressional legislation, the power of the Senate to approve presidential appointments, and judicial review of congressional enactments.
Those who favored a strong national government and supported the constitution proposed at the American Constitutional Convention of 1787.
Those who favored strong state governments and a weak national government and who were opponents of the constitution proposed at the American Constitutional Convention of 1787.
This set is often in folders with...
American Gov. Ch. 3
Pol Sci 2
We the People 9/e - Chapter 2
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